Normandy, for it was derived from when the Guerche family lived in Normandy, at Gueron.
Early Origins of the Guerche family
Normandy (French: Normandie), the former Duchy of Normandy, where they held a family seat at Gueron and were the seigneurie of that area, in the department of Calvados in the arrondissement of Bayou. In 1086 Turstin de Giron or Girounde was an under-tenant of Odo, Bishop of Bayou. Later, in 1133, Gueron is described as a bravassoria of the Bishop of Bayou. They also branched to Grée and Landelle in Brittany. This distinguished family were Grand Masters of the Order of St.Jean of Jerusalem in 1231.
Early History of the Guerche family
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Guerche Spelling Variations
French surnames were subject to numerous alterations in spelling because of the various cultural groups that inhabited specific regions. Eventually, each region possessed its own local dialect of the French language. The early development of the French language, however, was also influenced by other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire. Middle French also borrowed heavily from the Italian language during the Renaissance. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Guerche is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations of the name include Guerrin, Guerren, Guerin, Guerinne, Guerrein, Guereon, Gueron, Gerin, Garin, Le Guerin, Guerenne, Le Guerinne, De Guerin, De Guerrin, Du Guerin and many more.
Early Notables of the Guerche family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family in this period was Gilles Guérin (1611-1678), French sculptor; Louis Laguerre (1663-1721), a French decorative painter who mainly worked in England; Pierre Guérin de Tencin (1679-1758), French ecclesiastic; Claudine Guérin de Tencin (1681-1749), French salonist and...
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Migration of the Guerche family to the New World and Oceana
In 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in Quebec, in 1663 there were only 500, 2,000 migrants arrived during the next decade. Early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. Youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted migrants, both noble and commoner from France. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. Migration from France to New France or Quebec as it was now more popularly called, continued from France until it fell in 1759. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. Meanwhile, in Quebec, the French race flourished, founding in Lower Canada, one of the two great solitudes which became Canada. Many distinguished contributions have been made by members of this family name Guerche. It has been prominent in the arts, religion, politics and culture in France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Guerche were Guillaume Guerin who settled in Quebec in 1704 from Normandy; Bertrand Guerin settled in Quebec in 1739 also from Normandy; Jacques Benjamin Guerin from Brittany settled in Quebec in 1759.
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