Show ContentsGleaves History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Gleaves family

The surname Gleaves was first found in Cheshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Highliegh who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

Early History of the Gleaves family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gleaves research. Another 131 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1510, 1600 and 1535 are included under the topic Early Gleaves History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gleaves Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Gleave, Gleve, Gleyve, Gleffe, Glefe, Glive, Glieve, Gleive, Gleaves, Glave, Glaves and many more.

Early Notables of the Gleaves family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Gleaves Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gleaves Ranking

In the United States, the name Gleaves is the 15,192nd most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [2]

Australia Gleaves migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gleaves Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Susannah Gleaves, (Glaves, nee Doherty), English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years for larceny, transported aboard the "Canada" in March 1810, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Mrs. Mary Gleaves, (Greaves, nee Clayton), (b. 1777), aged 35, English shop keeper who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 14 years for receiving stolen goods, transported aboard the "Emu" in October 1812, the ship was captured and the passengers put ashore, the convicts were then transported aboard the "Broxburnebury" in January 1812 arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1825 [4]
  • Mr. George Gleaves, English convict who was convicted in Liverpool, Merseyside, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Clyde" on 11th March 1863, arriving in Western Australia, Australia [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Gleaves (post 1700) +

  • Lisa Gleaves (b. 1976), former Barker's Beauty
  • Richard Howell Gleaves (1819-1907), American politician
  • Albert Gleaves (1858-1957), American admiral, eponym of the destroyer USS Gleaves (DD-423)
  • William Gleaves, American politician, Presidential Elector for Maryland, 1804 [6]
  • J. M. Gleaves, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1896 [6]
  • Frederick "Fred" Gleaves, English professional rugby league footballer
  • Nicholas Gleaves, English actor
  • Sam Gleaves, English football manager
  • Alfred Pullen Gleaves, Canadian Member of Parliament for Saskatoon

  1. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  3. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 9th December 2020). Retrieved from
  4. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from
  5. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th February 2021). Retrieved from
  6. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 26) . Retrieved from on Facebook