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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Gilchrist family come from? What is the Scottish Gilchrist family crest and coat of arms? When did the Gilchrist family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Gilchrist family history?

The Picts were the ancient Scottish tribe where the ancestors of the Gilchrist family lived. The name Gilchrist comes from the Gaelic name Gille Criosd, which became Gillacrist in Middle Gaelic.


Before the first dictionaries appeared in the last few hundred years, scribes spelled according to sound. spelling variations are common among Scottish names. Gilchrist has been spelled Gilchrist, Gilchristson, Ghilchriston, Gillchrist, Gillcrest, Gilcrist and many more.

First found in Berwickshire an ancient county of Scotland, presently part of the Scottish Borders Council Area, located in the eastern part of the Borders Region of Scotland, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gilchrist research. Another 177 words(13 lines of text) covering the years 1057 and 1296 are included under the topic Early Gilchrist History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Gilchrist Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Gilchrist family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


In those unstable times, many had no choice but to leave their beloved homelands. Sickness and poverty hounded travelers to North America, but those who made it were welcomed with land and opportunity. These settlers gave the young nations of Canada and the United States a strong backbone as they stood up for their beliefs as United Empire Loyalists and in the American War of Independence. In this century, the ancestors of these brave Scots have begun to recover their illustrious heritage through Clan societies and other heritage organizations. Early passenger and immigration lists reveal many Scottish settlers bearing the name Gilchrist:

Gilchrist Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Robert Gilchrist, who settled in New Jersey in 1685

Gilchrist Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Robert Gilchrist, who arrived in New England in 1725
  • Duncan Gilchrist, who landed in New York in 1738
  • Margaret Gilchrist, who arrived in New York in 1740
  • Nimrod Gilchrist, who landed in South Carolina in 1751
  • Henry and John and his wife Marion, Lawrence Gilchrist, who settled in Boston in 1766

Gilchrist Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Gilchrist, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1823
  • Andrew Gilchrist, who landed in New York in 1843
  • John R Gilchrist, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • L Gilchrist, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • T Gilchrist, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851

Gilchrist Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Jason Gilchrist, who arrived in Canada in 1830
  • Thomas Gilchrist, aged 20, a clerk, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Lady Campbell" in 1834
  • Alexander Gilchrist, who arrived in Canada in 1839
  • John Gilchrist, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1843

Gilchrist Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • William Gilchrist, aged 33, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Monsoon"
  • Ann Gilchrist, aged 23, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "David McIvor"

Gilchrist Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Duncan Gilchrist, aged 21, a mason, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874
  • James Gilchrist, aged 21, a farm labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Avalanche" in 1875


  • Ellen Gilchrist (b. 1935), American novelist and short story writer
  • Carlton Chester "Cookie" Gilchrist (1935-2011), American AFL and CFL football player
  • John Gilchrist (1792-1859), American-born, Canadian physician and politician in Upper Canada
  • William Wallace Gilchrist (1846-1916), American composer
  • John Skidmore Gilchrist (1939-1991), Scottish footballer
  • John Borthwick Gilchrist FRSE (1759-1841), Scottish surgeon and Indologist
  • Albert Waller Gilchrist (1858-1926), American politician, 20th Governor of Florida
  • Sir Andrew Gilchrist KCMG (1910-1993), former UK ambassador to Iceland, Indonesia and Ireland
  • Adam Craig Gilchrist AM (b. 1971), Australian international cricketer
  • Anne Gilchrist (1828-1885), née Burrows, an English writer, good friend of Walt Whitman



  • Alexander Gilchrist, 1721-1778, and His Descendants: Islay, Argyleshire, Scotland to Argyle, Washington County, New York, U.S.A. by Frederick A. Gilchrist.

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  1. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  2. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  3. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  4. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  5. Bloxham, Ben. Key to Parochial Registers of Scotland From Earliest Times Through 1854 2nd edition. Provo, UT: Stevenson's Genealogical Center, 1979. Print.
  6. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  7. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  8. Adam, Frank. Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 8th Edition. London: Bacon (G.W.) & Co, 1970. Print. (ISBN 10-0717945006).
  9. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  11. ...

The Gilchrist Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gilchrist Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 February 2015 at 08:24.

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