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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: English, French, German, Italian
The Norman Conquest of England in 1066 brought many new words to England from which surnames were formed. German was one of these new Norman names. It was specifically tailored to its first bearer, who was a person of German descent, or a person who was associated with that country through trade or other means. Another derivation of the name suggests that it derives from the Old French given name Germain. This name was borne by a popular French saint from the 5th century, and also meant of the same stock, or related to. German is a classic example of an polygenetic surname, which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled German, Germans, Jermain, Jarman and others.
First found in Essex where they had been granted lands after the Norman Conquest in 1066 A.D.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our German research. Another 281 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1086, 1250, 1248, 1279, 1318, 1402, 1377, 1397, 1650 and 1718 are included under the topic Early German History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 85 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early German Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the German family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 41 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name German or a variant listed above:
German Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Thomas German settled in Maryland in 1654
- Ann German, who settled in Maryland in 1665
- Ann German, who arrived in Maryland in 1665
- John German, his wife Margaret and their two daughters, who were on record in Pennsylvania in 1683
German Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Jacob German, who landed in New York in 1709
- Benedict German, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1732
- Benedict German, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1732
- Christian German, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1732
- Benedict German settled in Philadelphia in 1732
German Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Joseph Anthony German, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803
- William German, aged 40, arrived in New York in 1812
- Michael German, who landed in New York in 1817
- Patrick German, who arrived in New York in 1817
- Edward German, who landed in New York in 1817
German Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- John German, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
- Mr. Christopher German U.E. who settled in Adolphus Town [Adolphustown], Ontario c. 1784
- Mr. Christopher German U.E., "Christian" who settled in Adolphus Town [Adolphustown], Ontario c. 1784 son of John Sr. German he received land next to a Christopher German of no relation
- Mr. Jacob German U.E. who settled in Adolphus Town [Adolphustown], Ontario c. 1784 son of John Sr. German
- Mr. John German Sr., U.E. who settled in Adolphus Town [Adolphustown], Ontario c. 1784
German Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Allice E. German, who came to Ontario in 1861
- Ilko German, who landed in Manitoba in 1898
- Ivan German, who arrived in Manitoba in 1899
German Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Hannah German, aged 18, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Marion"
German Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- James German, aged 28, a farm labourer, arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" in 1878
- Mary A. German, aged 27, arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" in 1878
- Albert E. German, aged 7, arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" in 1878
- Mary G. German, aged 3, arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" in 1878
- Annie German, aged 1, arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Renfrewshire" in 1878
- Robert John German (b. 1978), American singer, guitarist, and songwriter
- Lauren Christine German (b. 1978), American actress, known for her role as Agent Lori Weston in the television series Hawaii Five-0
- Mr. Samuel Henry German (d. 1915), English Assistant Pantry Steward from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
- Sir Edward German (1862-1936), English musician and composer, best known for his incidental music and his English comic opera
- Sir Ronald German, English company director from Sussex, and the Reverend Canon Cyril Jarman of Chester Cathedral
- Lindsey German, English activist
- Aleksei Yuryevich German (1938-2013), Soviet and Russian filmmaker
- Michael German (b. 1945), Welsh leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats, and Member of the Welsh Assembly
- Anna German (1936-1982), Polish-Russian singer
- The Family of Johannes Germann (John Garman) in America: A Genealogical History by Leo H. Garman.
- Nicholas German Family: Westward from New York, 1779-1978 by Leo and Rozetta Guess.
- Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
- Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
- Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
- Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
- Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
- Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
- Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
- Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
- Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
- Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
The German Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The German Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 8 April 2015 at 09:04.
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