The distinguished surname Gefen emerged among the industrious people of Flanders
, which was an important trading partner and political ally of Britain during the Middle Ages. As a result of the frequent commercial intercourse between the Flemish
and English nations, many Flemish
migrants settled in Britain. In early times, people were known by only a single name. However, as the population grew and people traveled further afield, it became increasingly necessary to assume an additional name to differentiate between bearers of the same personal name
. One of the most common classes of surname is the patronymic
surname, which was usually derived from the first name of the person's father. Flemish
surnames of this type are often characterized by the diminutive suffix -kin,
which became very frequent in England
during the 14th century. The surname Gefen is derived from Giff,
a pet form of the personal name Geoffrey.
This pet form is supplemented by the diminutive suffix -on
Early Origins of the Gefen family
The surname Gefen was first found in North Ayrshire
where the Barony of Giffen was in the parish of Beith in the former District of Cunninghame. Giffen Castle is today in ruins but the castle was home to the Lordship of Giffin, which included the Baronies of Giffen, Trearne, Hessilhead, Broadstone, Roughwood and Ramshead dating back to the 15th century. It fell into disrepair soon after 1726 and finally collapsed in 1838.
Further to the south, "the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire (1327) and Warwickshire (1332) contain at least 40 surnames [with the] -en [suffix.] " CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X) By example, Peter and Rose Geffen were listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Warwickshire in 1332. Willelmus Gyffon was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Gefen family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gefen research.Another 172 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1710, 1837, 1910, 1640 and are included under the topic Early Gefen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gefen Spelling Variations
surnames are characterized by a large number of spelling variations
. One reason for this is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. The spellings of surnames were also influenced by the official court languages, which were French and Latin. Names were rarely spelled consistently in medieval times. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to specific spelling rules, and people often had their names registered in several different forms throughout their lives. One of the greatest reasons for change is the linguistic uniqueness of the Flemish
settlers in England
, who spoke a language closely related to Dutch. The pronunciation and spelling of Flemish
names were often altered to suit the tastes of English-speaking people. In many cases, the first, final, or middle syllables of surnames were eliminated. The name has been spelled Giffin, Giffen, Geffen, Giffan, Giffon, Geffan, Geffon, Giffines, Giffins, Giffans, Giffons, Whiffen, Whiffin, Wiffin, Wiffen, McGiffen and many more.
Early Notables of the Gefen family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Gefen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gefen family to Ireland
Some of the Gefen family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 226 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Gefen family to the New World and Oceana
A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Gefen: Mr. Giffen settled in Boston in 1769; Thomas Giffen settled in Jamaica in 1801; Hannah Giffin settled in Pennsylvania in 1771; followed by John Giffin in 1840. In Newfoundland the surname came to be spelled Whiffen and Wiffin, with many family members established at Bonavista. William Wiffen was registered in Bonavista in 1828.