Gatling History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The history of the Gatling name began with the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from the Old French names Caterine and Cateline, which were forms of the personal name Catharine. These names were introduced into England in the 12th century and became very popular, especially in the variant forms Catelin and Cateline. Thus the surname Gatling is a metronymic type of surname, and is derived from the name of the original bearer's mother.
Early Origins of the Gatling family
The surname Gatling was first found in Wiltshire. Some of the first records of the family were found her in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 that included early spelling of the name: Geoffrey Gatelin; and Johanna Gatelyn. 
Richard Jordan Gatling (1818-1903) was the American inventor of his eponymous Gatling gun, considered to be the first successful machine gun that first saw service in 1862. Born on the family plantation in Como, Hertford County, North Carolina, he was a successful inventor by the age of 21 inventing the screw propeller for steamboats. His grandfather William James Gatling (1760-1822), was from Virginia.
Early History of the Gatling family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gatling research. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1574, 1559, 1574, 1547, 1520, 1556, 1545, 1583, 1662, 1625, 1640, 1644, 1634, 1702, 1679, 1685, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Gatling History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gatling Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Gatling family name include Catlin, Catling, Catlyn, Catlyne, Catlyng and others.
Early Notables of the Gatling family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Sir Robert Catlin (died 1574), English jurist, Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench (1559-1574). He was born at Beby in Leicestershire, though his ancestry is said to have belonged to Northamptonshire. He was a member of the Middle Temple, and was appointed reader to that society in 1547. 
Richard Catlyn (by 1520-1556), of Norwich and Honingham, Norfolk and Serjeants' Inn...
In the United States, the name Gatling is the 6,648th most popular surname with an estimated 4,974 people with that name. 
Migration of the Gatling family
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Gatling surname or a spelling variation of the name include : William Catline who settled in Barbados in 1679 with his wife and servants; James Catling, who settled in New England in 1769; Michael Catling, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1854.