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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, Irish


Although the Garratt surname came to Britain with the Normans, it derives from the Germanic personal names Gerard, or Gerald, composed of the elements "gar," or "ger," meaning "spear," "hard," meaning "brave," or "strong," and "wald," meaning "rule." The Anglo-Norman surname Garratt in Ireland was often Mac Gerailt, and was used as a synonym of Fitzgerald.

Garratt Early Origins



The surname Garratt was first found in County Carlow (Irish: Cheatharlach) a small landlocked area located in the province of Leinster in the South East of Ireland, where some of the name may have come from Anglicized versions of MacOrcachta, believed to be descended from Cathal, brother of Teige Mor, of the powerful O'Connors of Connacht. However, it is thought that the majority of this name in Ireland are of English (Norman) stock.

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Garratt Spelling Variations


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Garratt Spelling Variations



Since the early scribes and church officials who recorded names in official documents spelled a person's name as it sounded to them, a single person's name was recorded under several different variations and which today appears to denote more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Garratt that are preserved in archival documents of this era include Garrett, Garratt, MacGarrett, McGarraty, Garret, Garrat, Garet, Garitt, Garatt and many more.

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Garratt Early History


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Garratt Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garratt research. Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the year 1598 is included under the topic Early Garratt History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Garratt Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Garratt Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 20 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Garratt Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



The late 18th saw the beginnings of a steady pattern of immigration out of Ireland. These initial settlers were drawn to North America by the promise of land. The prospect of their own tract of land to work solely for themselves was especially appealing to those that rented out farmland in Ireland from English landowners who were frequently absent. These immigrants were critical to occupying the land of the eastern United States and British North Ameri ca. This pattern continued steadily until the 1840s when the Great Potato Famine sparked a major exodus of Irish families. Unlike their predecessors, the Irish were frequently destitute and desperate, and North America was regarded as holding more promise than trying to eke out an existence in Ireland - if they survived the disease and starvation that the famine had created. This great mass of people frequently experienced more racial discrimination by the general population when they arrived on North American shores, but they were warmly received by those industrialists with coal mines to work, products to manufacture, and railways to build. These Irish immigrants provided the nations of the United States and, what would later become Canada, with the cheap labor that was required for their rapid development as major industrialized nations. Whenever and however Irish immigrants came to North America, they were instrumental to its cultural, economic, and industrial development. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the name Garratt:

Garratt Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Samuell Garratt, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1738

Garratt Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Hann Garratt, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1873

Garratt Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • George Garratt, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 29, 1828, settling in New South Wales, Australia [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1828 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1828
  • Job Garratt arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Mitchell" in 1840 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif
  • Louisa Garratt arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Mitchell" in 1840 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif
  • Simeon Garratt arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Mitchell" in 1840 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif
  • John Garratt arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Stratheden" in 1850
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Garratt (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Garratt (post 1700)



  • Chris Garratt, English co-creator of the Biff cartoon character
  • Wayne Malcolm Garratt (1968-1992), British speedway rider, active from 1986 through 1992 when he died as a result of a crash on Sunday, September 13th at Brough Park
  • Nick Garratt, Australian women's sculling team coach at the 2008 Summer Olympics
  • Martin Blake George Garratt (b. 1980), English former football midfielder
  • Humphry Stone Garratt (1898-1974), English cricketer, active in the 1920s
  • Herbert William Garratt (1864-1913), English mechanical engineer, inventor of the Garratt system of articulated locomotives
  • Steven Arthur Garratt (b. 1953), English cricket umpire from Nottingham
  • John Garratt, English politician, Lord Mayor of London in 1824-25

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Semper fidelis
Motto Translation: Always faithful.


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Garratt Family Crest Products


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Garratt Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1828 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1828
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif

Other References

  1. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  2. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Somerset Fry, Peter and Fiona Somerset Fry. A History of Ireland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1993. Print. (ISBN 1-56619-215-3).
  4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  5. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  6. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
  7. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  8. Grehan, Ida. Dictionary of Irish Family Names. Boulder: Roberts Rinehart, 1997. Print. (ISBN 1-57098-137-X).
  9. Land Owners in Ireland. Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1203-3).
  10. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  11. ...

The Garratt Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Garratt Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 15 August 2016 at 09:49.

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