Gargrave History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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Early Origins of the Gargrave family
The surname Gargrave was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor in the West Riding. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book,  indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Gargrave held by Berenger de Tosny and Roger le Poitvin from the King as recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.
Early History of the Gargrave family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gargrave research. Another 153 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1210, 1219, 1446, 1605, 1510, 1600, 1468, 1549, 1582, 1585, 1495, 1579, 1565, 1569, 1559, 1540, 1588, 1571, 1569, 1575, 1638, 1597, 1606 and 1609 are included under the topic Early Gargrave History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gargrave Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Gargrave, Gargreve, Gargreave, Cargrave, Cargrove and many more.
Early Notables of the Gargrave family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Thomas Gargrave (1495-1579), a Yorkshire Knight who served as High Sheriff of Yorkshire (1565 and 1569), speaker of Queen Elizabeth's first Parliament and President of the Council of the North (1559), father of Sir Cotton Gargrave; Sir Cotton Gargrave (1540-1588), an English landowner and politician, Member of Parliament for Boroughbridge...
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gargrave Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gargrave migration to the United States +
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Gargrave or a variant listed above:
Gargrave Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Isaac Gargrave, who landed in Virginia in 1634 
Contemporary Notables of the name Gargrave (post 1700) +
- George Gargrave (1710-1785), English mathematician, born at Leyburn, Yorkshire, in 1710, was educated by his uncle, John Crow, a schoolmaster in that place 
Related Stories +
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020