Show ContentsFogo History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Fogo, the root name of all of its variants is distinctly Scottish, but interestingly the name is also Portuguese for the word "fire." In the New World, Fogo has lent its name to Fogo Island and the Town of Fogo, just off the northeast coast of Newfoundland. This fishing settlement and town dates back to at least 1606 when it appears on the Bertius Map.

Early Origins of the Fogo family

The surname Fogo was first found in north eastern England and southern Scotland, especially in Berwickshire where the family claims descent from the lands of Fogo. One of the first records of the family was Adam de Foghou who witnessed the gift by Earl Waldeve to the monks of Melrose of a pasture on Lammermuir (c. 1166-1182.)

Fogo Priory was a Tironensian monastic community in Berwickshire, dedicated to St Nicholas, founded sometime between 1253 and 1297.

Later, William de Foghou was abbot of Melrose in 1310 and Master Richard of Foggowe, parson of Douglas, had letters of safe conduct through England in 1352. John de Fogo appears as abbot of Melrose in 1425 and confessor to King James I in 1436. Robert de Fogo was bachelor of decrees in Glasgow in 1438 and Andrew Fogo was member of an assize at Cupar in 1521. [1]

Early History of the Fogo family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Fogo research. Another 120 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1425, 1438, 1553, 1554, 1609 and 1652 are included under the topic Early Fogo History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Fogo Spelling Variations

Although the name, Fogo, appeared in many references, from time to time, the surname was shown with the spellings Foggowe, Foggow, Foggoe, Fogoe, Fogo, Foggo and others.

Early Notables of the Fogo family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Fogo Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Canada Fogo migration to Canada +

Gradually becoming disenchanted with life in Ireland many of these uprooted families sailed aboard the armada of sailing ships known as the "White Sails" which plied the stormy Atlantic. These overcrowded ships often arrived with only 60 to 70% of their original passenger list, many dying of cholera, typhoid, dysentery or small pox. In North America, some of the first immigrants who could be considered kinsmen of the Fogo family name Fogo, or who bore a variation of the surname were

Fogo Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. David Fogo U.E. who settled in St. Andrews, New Brunswick c. 1784 [2]
  • Mr. Davis Fogo U.E., "David" who settled in New Brunswick c. 1784 member of the Penobscot Association [2]

Australia Fogo migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Fogo Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Fogo, Scottish convict who was convicted in Glasgow, Scotland for 14 years, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 4th December 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [3]
  • Mr. Neil Gow Fogo who was convicted in Kent, England for 15 years, transported aboard the "David Malcolm" on 13th May 1845, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) and Norfolk Island, he died in 1870 [4]

West Indies Fogo migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [5]
Fogo Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • David Fogo, who settled in Barbados in 1679

Contemporary Notables of the name Fogo (post 1700) +

  • William Montgomery Fogo (1841-1903), American politician, born in Columbiana County, Ohio, Presidential Elector for Wisconsin, 1884 [6]
  • Donald Peter Fogo, American Democratic Party politician, Candidate for Texas State House of Representatives 144th District, 1992 [6]
  • James Gordon Fogo QC (1896-1952), Canadian lawyer and senator from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Senator for Carleton, Ontario (1949-1952), President of the Liberal Party of Canada (1946-1952)

The Fogo Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fuimus
Motto Translation: God and my country.

  1. Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from
  4. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 21st June 2021). Retrieved from
  6. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from on Facebook