Finlayson History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The age-old Pictish-Scottish family name Finlayson is derived from the Gaelic MacFhionnlaigh which means 'son of Finlay' or which is often Anglicized to fair hero.

Early Origins of the Finlayson family

The surname Finlayson was first found in Stirlingshire, where traditionally this Clan is descended from Finlay Mor Farquharson, in turn descended from the ancient 11th century Thanes of Fife, through Shaw MacDuff, the first progenitor of the Farquharsons of the Braes of Mar. The descendants of Finlay Mor, a giant of a man, a man of daring and unequalled courage, settled in the lowlands with the name MacIanla, though, strangely, they had previously been called the Clan Eracher. It is claimed that the MacErachers of Perth also are descended from Finlay Mor. In the lowlands they became the Clan MacIanla. This was in turn anglicized to Finlayson, having many spellings, but approximately the same sound. The first Finlay married the heiress of the Garden, 'of that Ilk', and acquired those estates.

Important Dates for the Finlayson family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Finlayson research. Another 128 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1450, 1455, 1478, and 1585 are included under the topic Early Finlayson History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Finlayson Spelling Variations

In medieval Scotland, names were more often spelled according to sound than any regular set of rules. An enormous number of spelling variations were the result. Over the years, the name Finlayson has been spelled Finlayson, Finleyson, Finlaison, Finlawson, Fynlawsone, Findlayson, Findleyson, Finlason, Findlaysoun, Finlaisone, Fynloson, McIanley, MacIanlay, MacKinlay, MacEracher, McEracher and many more.

Early Notables of the Finlayson family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Finlayson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Finlayson migration to the United States

In such difficult times, Ireland, Australia, and North America looked like better homes for many Scots. The trips were expensive and grueling, but also rewarding, as the colonies were havens for those unwelcome in the old country. That legacy did not die easily, though, and many were forced to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence. The Scottish legacy has resurface in more recent times, though, through Clan societies, highland games, and other organizations. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the old Scottish name of Finlayson:

Finlayson Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Finlayson, who settled in Maryland in 1774
  • James Finlayson, who landed in Virginia in 1793 [1]
Finlayson Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John, Lewis and Thomas Finlayson all, who arrived in Pennsylvania between 1813 and 1832
  • Alexander Finlayson, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1850 [1]
Finlayson Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Francis Donald Finlayson, who landed in Colorado in 1907 [1]

Finlayson migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Finlayson Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Thomas Finlayson, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Thomas Finlayson, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750

Finlayson migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Finlayson Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Grame Finlayson, Scottish convict from Stirling, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on October 16, 1826, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [2]
  • William Finlayson, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837 [3]
  • Helen Finlayson, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837 [3]
  • D. Finlayson, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1849 [4]
  • Eric Finlayson, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "The Stebonheath" in 1850 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Finlayson migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Finlayson Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Finlayson, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Blundell" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 21st September 1848 [6]
  • Miss Margaret Finlayson, Canadian settler from Baddeck travelling from Cape Breton aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th June 1857 [7]
  • Mr. Alexander Finlayson, Canadian settler from Baddeck travelling from Cape Breton aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th June 1857 [7]
  • Mr. Archibald Finlayson, Canadian settler from Baddeck travelling from Cape Breton aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th June 1857 [7]
  • Mrs. Christina Finlayson, Canadian settler from Baddeck travelling from Cape Breton aboard the ship "Spray" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th June 1857 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Finlayson (post 1700)

  • Alex Finlayson, American playwright
  • Paul Finlayson, American engineer in the Outer Planets Mission Analysis Group at Caltech's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena
  • Patty Finlayson, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Delaware, 2004 [8]
  • John L. Finlayson, American Republican politician, Candidate for West Virginia State House of Delegates from Harrison County, 1934 [8]
  • James R. Finlayson, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 9th District, 1880-81 [8]
  • H. A. Finlayson, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Minnesota 10th District, 1920 [8]
  • George P. Finlayson (b. 1886), American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Arica, 1917-18 [8]
  • Frank Graham Finlayson (1864-1947), American Republican politician, Member of California State Assembly, 1893-94; Superior Court Judge in California, 1911-19; Judge, California Court of Appeal, 1919-26 [8]
  • James Finlayson (1887-1953), Scottish born comedic actor, best known for his roles in Laurel & Hardy films
  • James Finlayson (1772-1852), Scottish self-trained engineer, founder of Finlayson & Compagnie
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Finlayson family

HMAS Sydney II
HMS Hood
  • Mr. David A Finlayson (b. 1920), Scottish Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve from Edinburgh, Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [10]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Wilfred Finlayson, British Canteen Manager NAAFI, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [11]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Reginald H. Finlayson, British Leading Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [12]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Andromeda voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1826 with 147 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1826
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN RENWICK 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837JohnRenwick.htm
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CAROLINE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Caroline.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The STEBONHEATH 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Stebonheath.htm
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  8. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  9. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  10. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  11. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  12. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
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