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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The original Gaelic form of Cahill was Mac Cathail or O Cathail, while is derived from the personal name Cathal, which is generally Anglicized as Charles. Cahill is derived from the Old Irish "catu-ualos" which means "valor or powerful in battle".
The surname Cahill was first found in County Kerry and Tipperary as there are at least two distinct septs of the name. The first sept from County Kerry descend from the Heremon line of kings and were known as the Cahills of Connaught. The second sept claim descent from the Ir line of kings and were located at Corkashinny, or the parish of Templemore, Tipperary. This line further branched to the eponymous Ballycahill, Tipperary. Both branches descended from O'Connors, the Kings of Connacht, specifically "Cathal," also known as Conor na Luinge Luaithe, when anglicized means "Conor, the Swifter-Sailing Ship"  which may elude to the seafaring coat of arms used by the family.
The recording of names in Ireland in the Middle Ages was an inconsistent endeavor at best. The many regional dialects and the predominate illiteracy would have made common surnames appear unrelated to the scribes of the period. Research into the name Cahill revealed spelling variations, including Cahill, O'Cahill, Kahill, Cawhill, Cahille, Cahil, Cahaly, Cahell, Cahel, Caughell, Kahil, Kahel, Caill, Cail and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cahill research. Another 275 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1654, 1796 and 1864 are included under the topic Early Cahill History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 87 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cahill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
In the late 18th century, Irish families began emigrating to North America in the search of a plot of land to call their own. This pattern of emigration grew steadily until the 1840s when the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s cause thousands of Irish to flee the death and disease that accompanied the disaster. Those that made it alive to the shores of the United States and British North America (later to become Canada) were, however, instrumental in the development of those two powerful nations. Many of these Irish immigrants proudly bore the name of Cahill:
Cahill Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Elizabeth Cahill, a bonded passenger, who arrived in America in 1735
- Thomas Cahill, an "enforced emigrant" sent to America from Ireland in 1737
- Henrick Cahill, aged 19, landed in Pennsylvania in 1738
- Daniel Cahill, who arrived at Marblehead, Massachusetts in 1768
- John Cahill, who settled in Maryland in 1774
Cahill Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Petrick Cahill, who landed in America in 1807
- Peary Cahill, who arrived in South Carolina in 1821
- Eliza Cahill, who landed in New York in 1842
- Margarett Cahill, aged 14, arrived in New York in 1849
- Brigett Cahill, aged 7, landed in New York in 1849
Cahill Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- John Cahill settled in St. John's in 1763
- Edward Cahill settled in Freshwater, Newfoundland in 1791
- Patrick Cahill settled in Musketta, Newfoundland in 1795
Cahill Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Elizabeth Cahill, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1830
- Mary Cahill, aged 30, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1837 aboard the brig "Thetis" from Cork
- Ellen Cahill, aged 30, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1837 aboard the barque "Robert Watt" from Cork
Cahill Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Sylvester Cahill arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840
- Ellen Cahill arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840
- John Cahill arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840
- Thomas Mark Cahill arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840
- Mary Ann Cahill arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840
Cahill Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Timothy Cahill, aged 21, a farm labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jessie Osborne" in 1867
- Catherine Cahill, aged 19, a servant, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jessie Osborne" in 1867
- Fergus Cahill, aged 50, a farm labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
- Dorothy Cahill, aged 42, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
- James Cahill, aged 14, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
- Leo Cahill (b. 1930), American former professional football coach with the CFL
- James Francis Cahill (1926-2014), American art historian, curator, collector, and professor at the University of California, Berkeley
- William T Cahill (1912-1996), Republican Governor of New Jersey, 1970-73
- Thomas Vincent Cahill (b. 1940), American scholar and writer
- Thaddeus Cahill (1867-1934), American inventor of the teleharmonium, the first electromechanical musical instrument
- Sarah Cahill (b. 1978), American beauty queen
- Erin Cahill (b. 1980), American actress
- Eddie Cahill (b. 1978), American actor
- Mabel Cahill (1863-1905), Irish championship tennis player
- Edward Cahill (1867-1941), Irish Jesuit priest and academic
- The Cahills of Cincinnati and Related Families by Richardson Dougall.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: In Domino confido
Motto Translation: I trust in the Lord.
- ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
- Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Hickey, D.J. and J.E. Doherty. A New Dictionary of Irish History form 1800 2nd Edition. Dublin: Gil & MacMillian, 2003. Print.
- Heraldic Scroll and Map of Family names and Origins of Ireland. Dublin: Mullins. Print.
- MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland 3rd Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1978. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2278-0).
- Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
- Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
- Woulfe, Rev. Patrick. Irish Names and Surnames Collected and Edited with Explanatory and Historical Notes. Kansas City: Genealogical Foundation, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-940134-403).
- Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
- MacLysaght, Edward. Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7).
The Cahill Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cahill Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 20 April 2016 at 07:45.
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