England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a tax farmer. A tax farmer was one who undertook the collection of taxes, tariffs, and such for a fixed sum. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3) The name only refers secondarily to its more literal and obvious connotations of one who worked as a farmer in the modern sense of the word, managing an area of land and growing produce and livestock.
In England, the surname has the expected origin: "a cultivator of the ground" CITATION[CLOSE]
Early Origins of the Farmes family
occupation to some entries, thus making research difficult. By example, one of the earliest records was: Robertus Friston, farmer de Parsonage in 1372. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 had numerous such entries: Ricardus de Wenteworth, firmarius unius Grauuge; Johannes del Grange, fermour del Grange; and so on. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
However, in Scotland records are clearer: "Richard Femiarius was juror on inquest at Peebles, 1262; Alan Fermour witnessed instrument signed at St. Andrews, 1391; the land of Andrew Fermour in Perth is mentioned, 1458; and in the following year William Fermore, presbyter, is in record." CITATION[CLOSE]
Early History of the Farmes family
Another 266 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1250, 1250, 1458, 1619, 1553, 1586, 1480, 1551, 1623, 1661, 1648, 1711 and 1066 are included under the topic Early Farmes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Farmes Spelling Variations
spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Farmer, Farmere, Farmers, Fermare and others.
Early Notables of the Farmes family (pre 1700)
Northampton, who was ennobled in 1553, in the presence of Queen Mary. His son, Sir George Farmer, was made a Knight in 1586 in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Richard Fermor (1480-1551), was an English wool...
Another 64 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Farmes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Farmes family to Ireland
Some of the Farmes family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 117 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Farmes family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Farmes or a variant listed above: Charles Farmer, who arrived in Virginia in 1623; Alice Farmer, who arrived in Virginia in 1662; Row Farmar, who came to Virginia in 1677; Berrebe Farmer, who was on record in Virginia in 1692.
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