Show ContentsFairclough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Fairclough family

The surname Fairclough was first found in Lancashire, where Simon de ffairclogh (note the double "f" and the lower case last name) was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of 1332. The name literally means 'dweller in the fair hollow' from the Middle English (clo(u)gh). [1]

Unfortunately, from this early reference, we must move the 16th century to find the next. "Fairclough has long been, and is still a Liverpool name. Thomas Fayerclough was mayor of Liverpool in 1544. There was a gentle family of Fairclough of Fairclough Hall, Herts, in the 17th century." [2] William Fayercliffe and Robert Fayredought were both listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Suffolk in 1568. Later, John Fayercloth was also listed in Suffolk in 1629. [1]

The Wills at Chester listed John Fairelough of Upholland in 1583. [3]

Interestingly, the Featley variant arose from Daniel Fairclough (1582-1645) who changed his name for unknown reasons and was the progenitor of that branch of the family. [4]

Early History of the Fairclough family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Fairclough research. Another 78 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1332, 1700, 1594, 1677, 1625, 1691, 1662, 1621 and 1682 are included under the topic Early Fairclough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Fairclough Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Fairclough, Faircloth, Faircliff, Faircluff and many more.

Early Notables of the Fairclough family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Samuel Fairclough (1594-1677), an English nonconformist divine from Haverhill, Suffolk. He was the youngest of the four sons of Lawrence Fairclough, vicar of Haverhill, by his wife Mary, daughter of John Cole of that town. His second son, Samuel Fairclough...
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Fairclough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Fairclough migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Fairclough Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Margery and Margret Fairclough, who settled in Virginia in 1699

Australia Fairclough migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Fairclough Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Joseph Fairclough, English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Claudine" on 20th May 1821, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) [5]
  • Mr. John Fairclough, English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Grey" on 27th July 1838, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Myrven Fairclough, aged 25, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Constance" [7]
  • Mr. Charles Fairclough, (b. 1833), aged 19, English errand boy who was convicted in Bradford, Yorkshire, England for 7 years for felony, transported aboard the "Equestrian" on 27th August 1852, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Island) [8]
  • Thomas Fairclough, aged 33, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Shackamaxon" [9]

New Zealand Fairclough migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Fairclough Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • James Fairclough, aged 32, a railway labourer, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred" in 1864 [10]

Contemporary Notables of the name Fairclough (post 1700) +

  • Anna Fairclough (b. 1957), birth name Anna MacKinnon, American politician, Member of the Alaska House of Representatives (2013-)
  • Adam Fairclough (b. 1952), British historian of the United States, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Professor of American History at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands
  • Mr. David Fairclough O.B.E., British Assistant Director for Immigration Enforcement for the Home Office, was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Law Enforcement and to Tackling Organised Crime in the UK and Overseas [11]
  • Percy Fairclough (1858-1947), English amateur footballer who made one appearance for England in 1878
  • Paul Fairclough (b. 1950), English current manager of the England C national football team
  • Norman Fairclough (b. 1941), British emeritus Professor of Linguistics at Lancaster University
  • Michael Joseph "Mick" Fairclough (b. 1952), former Irish professional footballer
  • Lora Diane Fairclough (b. 1970), English LPGA professional golfer
  • Leslie "Les" Stuart Fairclough (1902-1951), English professional rugby league footballer of the 1920s, and 1930s
  • Leonard Fairclough (1853-1927), English stonemason, founder of Leonard Fairclough & Son in 1883 which later merged to become Amec Foster Wheeler plc, one of United Kingdom's largest engineering businesses with 40,000 employees
  • ... (Another 8 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Robert Fairclough, English Donkey man from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania (1915) and survived the sinking [12]

  1. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  3. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  5. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th February 2021). Retrieved from
  6. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th August 2021). Retrieved from
  7. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CONSTANCE 1849. Retrieved from
  8. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th May 2022).
  9. South Australian Register Thursday 20 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SHACKAMAXON 1853. Retrieved
  10. Archives New Zealand Micro 5019. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Alfred. Retrieved from
  11. "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018,
  12. Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 10) . Retrieved from on Facebook