The first bearer of the name Estrange most likely took on this name based on an early member of the family who was a "stranger." It would have been given to someone who was new in the village or parish. A broad and miscellaneous class of surnames, nickname
surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character.
Early Origins of the Estrange family
The surname Estrange was first found in Norfolk
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Knockyn (Knockin.) "The parish derives its name from a castle founded here by the family of L'Estrange, who possessed the manor in the reigns of Henry II. and Henry III., the latter of whom directed a precept to the sheriff of the county, commanding the aid thereof, to enable John L'Estrange to erect part of the 'Castle of Cnukyn,' and to repair the rest for the defence of the borders. His son received from the same monarch the grant of a weekly market, and a fair on the eve and morrow of the festival of St. John the Baptist. Madoc, a Welsh
nobleman, headed an insurrection, and defeated Lord Strange at Cnukyn." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Another source claims Guy Le Strange had the castle built between 1154 and 1160 and it is not known when the castle was abandoned. Little is left of Knockin Castle today other than mounds of the original fortification. In 1540, Leland described it as 'a ruinous thing.' The family are descended from the Dukes of Brittany
and it is recorded that during a great tournament at Castle Peverel in Derbyshire
about 1120 attended by Owen, Prince of Wales
, and a son of the King of Scots, and two sons of the Duke of Brittany
, one of whom was Guy L'Estrange. It is from Guy, that the several branches of the family L'Estrange descended. Sixth in descent from Guy was John L'Estrange, Baron
L'Estrange. He gave to his brother about 1320, Hamon L'Estrange, the manor of Hunstanton in Norfolk
, a manor which he had held since about the year 1210.
Early History of the Estrange family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Estrange research.Another 152 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1506, 1532, 1616, 1704, 1605, 1660, 1559, 1604, 1655, 1631, 1656, 1632, 1669, 1661, 1724, 1689 and 1751 are included under the topic Early Estrange History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Estrange Spelling Variations
There are many spelling variations
surnames, because the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find references to one individual with many different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled L'Estrange, Lestrange, Estrange, L'Estrang, Estrang and many more.
Early Notables of the Estrange family (pre 1700)
Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was Guy L'Estrange, son of the Duke of Brittany; and Sir Roger L'Estrange (1616-1704), an English pamphleteer and author, strong defender of royalist claims; Hamon L'Estrange (1605-1660), an English writer on history, theology and liturgy, of Calvinist views from Sedgeford, Norfolk; Richard... Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Estrange Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Estrange family to Ireland
Some of the Estrange family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 90 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Estrange family to the New World and Oceana
Records show the name Estrange in some of the earliest immigrant records of North America:
Estrange Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Daniel Estrange, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1688 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)