The French name Ernau has a history dating as far back as the Middle Ages. This history is intrinsically entwined with that region known as Languedoc
, for it was derived from when the Ernau family lived in Arnaud, a village and seigneury in Languedoc, in the south of France. Habitation surnames are names derived from already existing place-names.
Early Origins of the Ernau family
The surname Ernau was first found in Languedoc
where they held a family seat
in the village and seigneur of Arnaud in the department of Haute Garonne, canton of St.Martory, arrondisement of Saint-Guadens.
Early History of the Ernau family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ernau research.Another 299 words (21 lines of text) covering the years 1560, 1591, 1593, 1619, 1661, 1671, 1682, and 1694 are included under the topic Early Ernau History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Ernau Spelling Variations
Most surnames have experienced slight spelling changes. A son may not chose to spell his name the same way that his father did. Many were errors, many deliberate. During the early development of the French language, a person usually gave his version, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Prefixes or suffixes varied. They were optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, there a many spelling variations
of the name Ernau, including Ardnaud, D'Arnaud, Denaurd, Darnaud, Danaud, Arnauld, Darnauld, D'Arnauld, d'Arnaud, d'Arnaud, Saint-Arnaud, St-Arnaud, Arnault, Darnault, D'Arnault, Arnaude, Arnoult, Darnoult, D'Arnoult, Arnoux, Darnoux, D'Arnoux, Arnould, Arneault, D'Arnould, Darnould, Darnaude, Arnaux, Arnau, D'Arnau, Darnau, Darnaux and many more.
Early Notables of the Ernau family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family name at this time was Henri Arnauld (1597-1692), a French Catholic bishop, he was offered the Bishopric of Périgueux, but accepted the see of Angers (1650); Robert Arnauld d’Andilly (1589-1674), a French conseiller d’État, specialising in financial questions, in the... Another 43 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Ernau Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Ernau family to the New World and Oceana
Approximately 110 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in Quebec. France gave land incentives for 2,000 migrants during the next decade. Early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. Migration to New France (Quebec) continued from France until it fell in 1759. In the year 1675 the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England
and were deported to Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name Ernau has made significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Ernau were Andre Arnaud settled in New York State in 1683; Isaac Arnaud and his wife settled in Virginia in 1700; J.D. and L.Arnaud settled in New Orleans in 1823.