Show ContentsEndicott History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

In ancient Anglo-Saxon England, the ancestors of the Endicott surname lived as dwellers at the end cottage. The surname Endicott originally derived from the Old English words Ende and Cot. [1]

Early Origins of the Endicott family

The surname Endicott was first found in Devon "at Endicott in Cadbury, " [1] but, unfortunately we cannot locate this place today. Records of the family is the early years are scarce, but the Devon Lay Subsidy Rolls of 1327 do mention Johannes de Ynndecote, and this may be the first record of the family.

Without a doubt, the most important member of the family was John Endecott (1588?-1665), Governor of New England. He was "supposed to have been born at Dorchester, Dorsetshire, in or about 1588, but nothing is known of his early life. On 19 March 1628 he joined with five other ‘religious persons’ in purchasing a patent of the territory of Massachusetts Bay from ‘the corporation styled the council established at Plymouth in the county of Devon for the planting, ruling, and governing of New England in America.’ " [2]

Early History of the Endicott family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Endicott research. Another 127 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1300, 1601, 1664, 1629 and 1630 are included under the topic Early Endicott History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Endicott Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Endicott are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Endicott include: Endacott, Endecott, Endicott and others.

Early Notables of the Endicott family (pre 1700)

Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Endicott Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Endicott Ranking

In the United States, the name Endicott is the 6,654th most popular surname with an estimated 4,974 people with that name. [3]

United States Endicott migration to the United States +

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Endicott or a variant listed above:

Endicott Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John and Anne Endicott who arrived aboard the ship "Abigail" and settled in Massachusetts and became Governor of Massachusetts in 1628
  • John Endicott, who arrived in New England in 1695 [4]
Endicott Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • M C Endicott, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]

Australia Endicott migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Endicott Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Endicott, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Endicott (post 1700) +

  • William Crowninshield Endicott (1826-1900), American politician, 36th Secretary of War (1885 to 1889)
  • Charles W. Endicott (1822-1899), American attorney and politician, Auditor and Treasurer of Massachusetts
  • William Crowninshield Endicott (1826-1900), American Democratic Party politician, Justice of Massachusetts State Supreme Court, 1873-82; Candidate for Governor of Massachusetts, 1884; U.S. Secretary of War, 1885-89 [6]
  • William Endicott, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 1932 [6]
  • William Endicott, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 1912 [6]
  • Smith Endicott, American Republican politician, Chair of Cape May County Republican Party, 1927 [6]
  • James Endicott (1738-1799), American politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1780, 1784-86, 1790; Common Pleas Court Judge in Massachusetts, 1793 [6]
  • Eugene Frances Endicott (1848-1914), American Republican politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives Twenty-Eighth Suffolk District, 1905 [6]
  • Charles Endicott (1822-1889), American politician, Member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1851, 1857-58; Member of Massachusetts State Senate, 1866-67; Member of Massachusetts Governor's Council, 1868-69 [6]
  • Shane Endicott (b. 1981), Canadian professional ice hockey forward from Saskatoon
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Joe Endicott, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse (1941) and survived the sinking [7]

  1. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  4. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from
  6. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, December 10) . Retrieved from
  7. HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from on Facebook