Elsome History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Elsome family

The surname Elsome was first found in Lincolnshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the village and lands of Elsham, held by Ilbert from the Bishop Bayeux, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

Important Dates for the Elsome family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Elsome research. Another 68 words (5 lines of text) covering the year 1273 is included under the topic Early Elsome History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Elsome Spelling Variations

Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Elsham, Alsham, Elsom, Elsome, Yesom, Elsam and many more.

Early Notables of the Elsome family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Elsome Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Elsome migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Elsome Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Elsome, English convict from Bedford, who was transported aboard the "Agincourt" on July 6, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [2]

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Citations

  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Agincourt voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 226 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agincourt/1844
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