Early Origins of the Egcup family
The surname Egcup was first found in the West Riding of Yorkshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Echope (the earlier Saxon name). After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Eccup, held by the Count of Mortain and his under-tenant, Richard de Surdeval, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086. Richard de Surdeval was from Surdeval, in Manche in the arrondisement of Mortain, in the canton of Surdeval in Normandy
. He received important charters of Hooton Pagnall and the Brus fee, part of which he sold to the Paynells as recorded in the Early Charters of Yorkshire
(vol.vi,p 4). Richard de (Surdeval) Eccup was apparently a relation of the Count of Mortain, probably a younger son, or natural son. At the Domesday, Eccup was a large village north of Leeds. It now has a reservoir.
Early History of the Egcup family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Egcup research.Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 144 and 1443 are included under the topic Early Egcup History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Egcup Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations
are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Egcup has been recorded under many different variations, including Eccup, Echope, Egcope, Egcup, Eccup, Eccope, Hecope, Ecop, Eckup, Eggup, Ecob, Eccop and many more.
Early Notables of the Egcup family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Egcup Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Egcup family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England
, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Egcups were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America: settlers were recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Florida, and to the islands..