Early Origins of the Egcope family
The surname Egcope was first found in the West Riding of Yorkshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Echope (the earlier Saxon name). After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Eccup, held by the Count of Mortain and his under-tenant, Richard de Surdeval, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086. Richard de Surdeval was from Surdeval, in Manche in the arrondisement of Mortain, in the canton of Surdeval in Normandy
. He received important charters of Hooton Pagnall and the Brus fee, part of which he sold to the Paynells as recorded in the Early Charters of Yorkshire
(vol.vi,p 4). Richard de (Surdeval) Eccup was apparently a relation of the Count of Mortain, probably a younger son, or natural son. At the Domesday, Eccup was a large village north of Leeds. It now has a reservoir.
Early History of the Egcope family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Egcope research.Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 144 and 1443 are included under the topic Early Egcope History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Egcope Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Eccup, Echope, Egcope, Egcup, Eccup, Eccope, Hecope, Ecop, Eckup, Eggup, Ecob, Eccop and many more.
Early Notables of the Egcope family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Egcope Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Egcope family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Egcope or a variant listed above were: settlers were recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Florida, and to the islands..