Docherty History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The original Gaelic versions of today's Irish names demonstrate a proud, ancient past. The original Gaelic form of the name Docherty is O Dochartaigh, from the word "dochartach," which means hurtful or obstructive and in this case, it would be termed as a nickname.

Early Origins of the Docherty family

The surname Docherty was first found in at Inishowen, in the barony of Raphoe, in County Donegal, where they were a large and influential sept, and were kin to the O'Donnells.

They were one of the principal Irish clans to resist the Norman invasion of 1170 and were known as the Lords of Innishowen directly descended from the distinguished Irish General King Niall of the Nine Hostages, who was descended from the Heremon line of Irish Kings.

The MacDevitts, who exist in large numbers in Inishowen, are descended from David O'Doherty, a chief of Cinel Conaill who was killed in 1208. Some members of the MacDevitt branch migrated to the territory of Oriel, now counties Louth, Monaghan, and south Down. There the "D" was aspirated creating the early Anglicization MacCaveat, and then the variation MacKevitt.

Expanding their territory, they came to rule the peninsula of Inishowen in the 14th century. However, the poorly-timed and disastrous rebellion against the English crown led by Sir Cahir O'Dougherty in 1608, drastically reduced the power of the once powerful sept.

Important Dates for the Docherty family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Docherty research. Another 61 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1783, 1587, 1608 and 1608 are included under the topic Early Docherty History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Docherty Spelling Variations

Pronunciation, rather than spelling, guided scribes and church officials when recording names during the Middle Ages. This practice often resulted in one person's name being recorded under several different spellings. Numerous spelling variations of the surname Docherty are preserved in these old documents. The various spellings of the name that were found include Dockeray, Dockerty, Dockharty, Dogherty, Dougharty, Dougherty, Doherty, Doherety, Dohertey, Docherty, Docharty, MacDevitt and many more.

Early Notables of the Docherty family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family name at this time was Sir Cahir O'Dougherty (1587-1608), leader of the rebellion in 1608, the last Gaelic Lord of Inishowen. Angered by the confiscation of his lands for the Plantation of Ulster, he sacked and burned the town of Derry and killed the Governor, Sir George Paulet. He had quarreled with Paulet for some time and some claim...
Another 63 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Docherty Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Docherty migration to the United States

During the 19th century thousands of impoverished Irish families made the long journey to British North America and the United States. These people were leaving a land that had become beset with poverty, lack of opportunity, and hunger. In North America, they hoped to find land, work, and political and religious freedoms. Although the majority of the immigrants that survived the long sea passage did make these discoveries, it was not without much perseverance and hard work: by the mid-19th century land suitable for agriculture was short supply, especially in British North America, in the east; the work available was generally low paying and physically taxing construction or factory work; and the English stereotypes concerning the Irish, although less frequent and vehement, were, nevertheless, present in the land of freedom, liberty, and equality for all men. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s. Research into passenger and immigration lists has brought forth evidence of the early members of the Docherty family in North America:

Docherty Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Daniel Docherty, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1764 [1]

Docherty migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Docherty Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Martha Docherty "Alias McBryde", Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Angelina" on April 25, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [2]
  • Mary Ann Docherty, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on October 4, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]
  • James Docherty, aged 28, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Europa" [4]

Docherty migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Docherty Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Docherty (Doughety), British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 [5]
  • Mrs. Hellen Docherty (Doughety) née Liddal, (b. 1812), aged 46, Scottish settler born in Scotland, travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858, she died on board [5]
  • Miss Marion Docherty (Doughety), (b. 1838), aged 20, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 [5]
  • Mr. John Docherty (Doughety), Jr., (b. 1841), aged 17, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 [5]
  • Mr. Andrew Liddell Docherty (Doughety), (b. 1842), aged 16, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Docherty (post 1700)

  • George MacPherson Docherty (1911-2008), Scottish-born American Presbyterian minister
  • James A. Docherty (b. 1932), American Democrat politician, Member of Michigan State House of Representatives 76th District, 1983-84, 1987-88; Defeated, 1984, 1988, 1990, 1992 [6]
  • Dame Jacqueline Docherty DBE, British nursing administrator
  • Valerie E. Docherty, Canadian politician for the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
  • Kevin Docherty (b. 1979), Australian association football referee
  • Bevan John Docherty (b. 1977), New Zealand Olympic two-time triathlete medalist
  • Thomas Henderson "Tommy" Docherty (b. 1928), Scottish former footballer
  • Steve Docherty (b. 1950), Australian former professional tennis player
  • Laurence Docherty (b. 1980), Scottish-born, Dutch field hockey player

Historic Events for the Docherty family

RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Mabel Docherty, American 2nd Class passenger from Long Island, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 11 [7]
  • Master Thomas William Docherty Jr., American 2nd Class passenger from Long Island, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 11 [7]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Angelina voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 171 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/angelina/1844
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anna Maria voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1851 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anna-maria/1851
  4. ^ South Australian Register Monday 14th May 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Europa 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/europa1855.shtml
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, December 10) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  7. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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