Dequincay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Dequincay surname is one of the many Norman names that came to Britain following 1066. The Dequincay surname is generally thought to have come from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune, Pays de Calais region of northern France; however there were several places in France such as Quincy-sous-Sénard in Seine-et-Oise or Quincy-Voisins in Seine-et-Marne.
Another reference states clearly that the name is "a baronial family from Quincé, Maine to the house of De Rohan, whose arms they bore. The mascles [(hollow diamond shapes)] were borne by the Dukes de Rohan." 
These place names all derive from the Gallo-Roman personal name Quintus, meaning "fifth-born."
Early Origins of the Dequincay family
The surname Dequincay was first found in Northamptonshire, where the first of several to bear the name Saer de Quincy (Saer I) was Lord of the Manor of Long Buckby. Saer I was the second husband of Matilda of St Liz, stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland, and thus the family had holdings in Scotland from very early times. 
This line produced Saer de Quincy (1170-1219), 1st Earl of Winchester. He was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England. He fought against King John after the Magna Carta was signed in 1215. While on the Fifth Crusade in 1219, he fell sick and died and was buried in Acre, the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
"In the reign of the Second Henry, Saier de Quincy had a grant from the crown of the Manor of Bushley, co. Northampton, previously the property of Anselme de Conchis. Of his two sons, the elder, Robert, became a Soldier of the Cross, and the younger, Saier, was created Earl of Winchester by King John. He subsequently obtained large grants and immunities from the same monarch, but, nevertheless, when the Baronial War broke out, his Lordship's pennant waved on the side of freedom, and be became so eminent amongst his contemporaries that he was chosen one of the twenty-five Barons appointed to enforce the observance of Magna Charta." 
"The name is in Holinshed's list of the followers of William the Conqueror." 
Early rolls give us today a glimpse of the many spelling is use over the years. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had two entries with an early spelling: Robert de Quency, Essex; and Hawyse de Quency, Bedfordshire.  The aforementioned Saer de Quincy was listed in Oxford Rolls as a Knights Templar in 1153-1163. Henry Quenci was listed in Lincolnshire in early days. 
Early History of the Dequincay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Dequincay research. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1160, 1155, 1219, 1195, 1265, 1155, 1219, 1219, 1722, 1785, 1859, 1785, 1774 and 1775 are included under the topic Early Dequincay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Dequincay Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Quincy, Quincey, de Quincey, Quince and others.
Early Notables of the Dequincay family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Saer de Quincy (1155-1219), 1st Earl of Winchester, a prominent figure in both Scotland and England, who was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England that followed the Magna Carta. He died in 1219 after becoming ill during the siege of Damietta, during the Fifth Crusade: he was buried in Acre, Jerusalem, but his heart was brought back and interred at Garendon Abbey near Loughborough. Years later, John Quincy (died 1722) was an English apothecary, but better known as a medical writer.
Thomas de Quincey (1785-1859), was the...
Migration of the Dequincay family
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Dequincay or a variant listed above: Parker Quince who settled in Boston in 1763; Edmund Quincy, originally of Wigsthorp in Northumberland (of the Scottish Quinceys), settled in Boston in 1633.