Cutler History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The saga of the name Cutler follows a line reaching back through history to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It was a name for someone who worked as a knife-maker. The surname Cutler originally derived from the Old French Cotelier. [1]

Early Origins of the Cutler family

The surname Cutler was first found in London, where the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed Saleman le Cotiler as holding lands at that time. The same rolls listed Matilda la Cutiller, Lincolnshire. [2]

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 had some interesting entries as a surname and as an occupation: Ricardus Hyngham, cotteter; Willelmus Cottelar; Thomas Hank, of Handsworth, colder; and Johannes Cotelar, of Handsworth, bakester. "From its frequency I should have expected a larger number of Cutlers in the present directories of that county. "[2]

Moving further north from Yorkshire into Scotland, it was a Galloway name. "Matthew de Coteleir of Berwick rendered homage in 1296. The Cutlers of Orroland, parish of Rerwick, are said to have obtained the lands from the monks of Dundrennan Abbey in 1437. The local tradition is that the first of the Cutlers who came to the parish was employed in sharpening the tools of the masons engaged in the erection of the abbey and thereby acquired their name. This is most improbable. There is no mention of the family until 1606 when John Cuidar was served heir to his father in Oroland. The surname occurs in Aberdeen in 1460. Hugh Cutler was repledged to liberty of burgh of Irvine, 1472, and Thomas Cutlar possessed a tenement in Brechin, 1493." [3]

Early History of the Cutler family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cutler research. Another 159 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1212, 1503, 1540, 1698, 1412, 1796, 1608, 1693, 1608 and 1657 are included under the topic Early Cutler History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cutler Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Cutler were recorded, including Cutler, Cutlere, Cuttler, Coutler, Coutlere, Coutlar, Cutlar, Cutlur, Cutlare, Cuttlar, Cuttlure, Couttler and many more.

Early Notables of the Cutler family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir John Cutler (1608?-1693), a wealthy merchant of London, whose avarice, handed down by tradition and anecdote to Pope, has become immortal, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company, and was born in or about 1608. "Though little scrupulous in his business dealings, he appears to have been ‘one of those contradictory but by no means rare...
Another 70 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cutler Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Cutler migration to the United States +

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Cutler family emigrate to North America:

Cutler Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Clinton Cutler, aged 20, who landed in St Christopher in 1635 [4]
  • James Cutler of Watertown, Massachusetts, who settled there in the year 1635
  • Clinton Cutler also settled in 1635 in St. Christopher
  • Tho Cutler, aged 35, who landed in Barbados in 1635 [4]
  • Chr Cutler, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cutler Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Cutler, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1844 [4]
  • J M Cutler, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]
  • Kasper H Cutler, aged 29, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1853-1854 [4]
  • S M Cutler, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1860 [4]
  • J A Cutler, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1860 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cutler Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Ada May Cutler, aged 15, who immigrated to the United States from Essex, in 1905
  • Arthur Cutler, aged 52, who settled in America, in 1905
  • Alvin B. Cutler, aged 2, who landed in America, in 1908
  • Amy J. Cutler, who immigrated to the United States, in 1909
  • Albert T. Cutler, aged 33, who immigrated to the United States, in 1909
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Cutler migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cutler Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Anthony Cutler U.E. who settled in Shefford Township, Eastern Townships, Quebec c. 1783 listed as an association of Captain John Savage [5]
  • Ensign Thomas Cutler U.E. (b. 1752) born in Boston, Massachusetts, USA from Hatfield, Massachusetts, USA who settled in Chedabucto Bay [Port Mouton], Nova Scotia c. 1783 he severed as part of Governor Wentworth's Volunteers then Orange Rangers Regiment, married to Elizabeth Goldsbury they had 5 children he died in 1837 [5]
  • Mr. Thomas Cutler U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [5]
Cutler Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Edith Cutler, aged 23, who immigrated to Halifax Nova Scotia, in 1905
  • Arthur Charles Cutler, aged 34, who immigrated to Toronto, Canada, in 1921
  • Betty Kathleen Cutler, who settled in Toronto, Canada, in 1921

Australia Cutler migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cutler Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Benjamin Cutler, a builder, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • William Cutler, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "Agincourt" on July 6, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]
  • Charles Cutler, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Mount Stuart Elphinstone" in 1851 [7]
  • Ellen Cutler, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Mount Stuart Elphinstone" in 1851 [7]
  • Mary Ann Cutler, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Mount Stuart Elphinstone" in 1851 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Cutler migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cutler Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Cutler, (b. 1822), aged 41, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Huntress" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st April 1863 [8]
  • Mrs. Mary Ann Cutler, (b. 1823), aged 40, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Huntress" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st April 1863 [8]
  • Miss Susannah Cutler, (b. 1847), aged 16, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Huntress" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st April 1863 [8]
  • Miss Sarah Ann Cutler, (b. 1850), aged 13, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Huntress" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st April 1863 [8]
  • Mr. Richard John Cutler, (b. 1855), aged 8, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Huntress" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st April 1863 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cutler (post 1700) +

  • Lysander Cutler (1807-1866), American businessman, educator and Union Army General during the American Civil War
  • David Neil "Dave" Cutler Sr. (b. 1942), American software engineer, head designer of Microsoft Windows NT
  • R.J. Cutler, American Emmy Award and Peabody Award winning, two-time Academy Award nominated filmmaker, television producer and theater director
  • John Alpheus Cutler (1784-1864), American leader in the Latter Day Saint movement
  • Kenny Cutler (b. 1982), American soccer player
  • Eric Cutler, American tenor
  • Lloyd Norton Cutler (1917-2005), American attorney, White House Counsel during for President Carter and Clinton
  • Scott Michael Cutler, American Academy Award and Golden Globe nominated songwriter, musician, record producer, and music executive
  • Manasseh Cutler (1742-1823), American clergyman and politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts (1801-1803) and (1803-1805)
  • Jay Christopher Cutler (b. 1983), American NFL football quarterback for the Chicago Bears
  • ... (Another 12 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Royal Oak
  • Joseph Arthur Cutler (1920-1939), British Blacksmith 5th Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [9]
  • Frank Cutler, British Able Seaman with the Royal Fleet Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [9]


  1. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Agincourt voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 226 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agincourt/1844
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MOUNT STUART ELPHINSTONE 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851MountStuartElphinstone.gif
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html


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