Cruyer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The name Cruyer was first used centuries ago in the region that was once the Scottish kingdom of Dalriada. It was a name for a brewster or brewer. Cruyer is an occupational name, given to someone who held the occupation of a brewer of ale. The inclusion of the feminine suffix -ster, indicates that this was originally a woman's occupation. Members of the Cruyer family were originally found in Lanarkshire, where the family can trace its origin to shortly after the Norman Conquest, in 1066.
Early Origins of the Cruyer family
The surname Cruyer was first found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow. The Scord of Brouster is one of the earliest Neolithic farm sites in Shetland, Scotland dating back to 2220 BC. Some of the earliest records of the family include: Nicholaus, braciator regis (i.e. the king's brewer), was present at the perambulation of lands in 1219; Johannes the 'braciator' was one of the 'native men' of the Abbey of Dunfermline in the thirteenth century; and Thomas le Breuester of the forest of Passeley in the county of Lanark rendered homage in 1296. 
Early History of the Cruyer family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cruyer research. Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1382, 1480, 1379, 1599, 1663, 1645, 1659, 1623, 1671, 1653, 1656, 1560, 1644, 1620, 1674, 1702, 1674 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Cruyer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cruyer Spelling Variations
Spelling in the medieval era was a highly imprecise process. Translation, particularly from Gaelic to English, was little better. For these reasons, early Scottish names are rife with spelling variations. In various documents Cruyer has been spelled Brewster, Broster, Brouster, Brewester, Brostar and many more.
Early Notables of the Cruyer family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Robert Brewster (1599-1663), an English politician and officer who sat in the House of Commons between 1645 and 1659, he was a general in the Parliamentary army in the English Civil War; Francis Brewster (1623- 1671), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1653 and 1656; and Elder William Brewster (c.1560-1644), Pilgrim colonist leader and preacher born in Doncaster...
Another 71 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cruyer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cruyer family to Ireland
Some of the Cruyer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 65 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cruyer family
These settlers arrived in North America at a time when the east was burgeoning with prosperous colonies and the expanses of the west were just being opened up. The American War of Independence was also imminent. Some Scots stayed to fight for a new country, while others who remained loyal went north as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of them went on to rediscover their heritage in the 20th century through highland games and other patriotic Scottish events. The Cruyer were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records: William Brewster who arrived in the " Mayflower" and settled in Plymouth in 1620, where he was the religious leader of the Plymouth Colony. He was from the Essex branch of the family, and one of his descendants was Henry Calvin Brewster of Rochester, New York..
Related Stories +
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)