Crowmer is a name that first reached England
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Crowmer family lived in Kent
, where they were Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court.
Early Origins of the Crowmer family
The surname Crowmer was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Tunstall was held at the taking of the Domesday Book
by Hugh de Port from Bishop Odo of Bayeux as an under tenant
. Conjecturally, the surname Cromer is descended from this source.
Early History of the Crowmer family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crowmer research.Another 263 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1471, 1509, 1603, 1543, 1532 and 1534 are included under the topic Early Crowmer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crowmer Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Crowmer are characterized by many spelling variations
. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Crowmer include Cromer, Crowmer, Croamer, Croemer, Croomer, Cromar, Cromere and many more.
Early Notables of the Crowmer family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crowmer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crowmer family to the New World and Oceana
Faced with the chaos present in England
at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia
in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Crowmer, or a variant listed above: Dennise Cromer settled in Virginia in 1705.