Crowl History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Crowl is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when the family lived in either the settlement of Crowell, which is in the county of Oxfordshire, or in the place of the same name in Spofforth in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The latter settlement no longer exists. The surname Crowl belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Crowl family
The surname Crowl was first found in Oxfordshire at Crowell, a parish, in the union of Thame, hundred of Lewknor. However, Walmer in Kent was also home to some of the family since early times. "Near the church is a deep fosse, with other vestiges of ancient intrenchments; and in the churchyard several stone coffins were discovered about 50 years since, supposed to have belonged to the Crowl family, of whom Sir Nicholas, in the reign of Edward I., erected a mansion in the village, of which there are still some remains."  The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list Robert de Croule in Worcestershire and Richard de Crowell, or Richard de Crol in Lincolnshire. Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Johannes de Crull and Thomas de Crull.  Crowle is a small town and civil parish on the Isle of Axholme in Lincolnshire and a parish in Worcestershire. The Crowle spelling of the name is today most numerous in Cornwall.
Early History of the Crowl family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crowl research. Another 72 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1657, 1661, 1679, 1754, 1757, 1724 and 1747 are included under the topic Early Crowl History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crowl Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Crowl are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Crowl include: Crowell, Crowel, Croull, Crowill, Crawll and others.
Early Notables of the Crowl family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Alderman George Crowle, English politician, Sheriff of Kingston upon Hull in 1657, and mayor in 1661 and 1679 and his grandson, Richard Crowle, an...
Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crowl Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crowl migration to the United States +
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Crowl or a variant listed above:
Crowl Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Jacob Crowl, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1763 
Crowl migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Crowl Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Thomas Crowl, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Mary Ann" in 1849 
- Mr. Malachi Crowl, (b. 1830), aged 24, Cornish carpenter departing from Plymouth on 2nd August 1854 aboard the ship "Panama" arriving in Portland, Victoria, Australia on 23rd October 1854 
- Mrs. Elizabeth Crowl, (b. 1829), aged 25, Cornish settler departing from Plymouth on 2nd August 1854 aboard the ship "Panama" arriving in Portland, Victoria, Australia on 23rd October 1854 
- Mr. Samuel Crowl, (b. 1853), aged 25, Cornish labourer travelling aboard the ship "La Hogue" arriving in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on 21st October 1878 
Crowl migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Crowl Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Mrs. Elizabeth Jane Crowl, (b. 1870), aged 18, Cornish general servant departing on November 1870 aboard the ship "Charlotte Gladstone" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 21st January 1871 
- Mr. John Crowl, (b. 1854), aged 22, Cornish labourer departing on 12th November 1876 aboard the ship "Wiltshire" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 17th February 1877 
- Mr. William Crowl, (b. 1858), aged 20, Cornish farm Labourer departing on 28th September 1878 aboard the ship "Adamant" going to Hawkes Bay, New Zealand arriving in port on 11th January 1879 
Contemporary Notables of the name Crowl (post 1700) +
- L. W. Crowl, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Kansas, 1888 
- Sidney Robert "Sid" Crowl (1888-1971), English professional footballer
- Joseph Terrell "Joe" Crowl (1883-1915), Australian rules footballer
- Claude Terrell Crowl (1892-1915), Australian rules footballer from Stratford, Victoria
Related Stories +
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The MARY ANN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849MaryAnn.htm
- ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
- ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 19). Emigrants to Australia NSW 1860 -88 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/nsw_passenger_lists_1860_88.pdf
- ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
- ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to other ports, 1872 - 84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 1) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html