Origins Available: French
Directly translated, "la croix" means "the cross". It is believed by some sources that the name Lacroix was originally used for a person of importance in the field of religion, such as a priest or bishop. CITATION[CLOSE]
Dionne, N.-E., Origine Des Familles Canadiennes-Français. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969. Print. Languedoc
is the region of ancient France from which the name Crous was derived. It comes from when the family lived in Languedoc
, where the family has been found since the early Middle Ages.
Early Origins of the Crous family
The surname Crous was first found in Languedoc
, where this eminent family held a family seat
from ancient times.
Several members of this illustrious family played a great role in the military and were recognized by their peers for their heroic actions during the wars of their times. In recognition of their contributions towards their communities, several distinctive members of this ancient family were granted lands, titles, and letters of patent confirming their nobility. This family also believed strongly in their faith and as a result, some members entered the clergy.
Beginning in 1320, Jean Lacroix is mentioned as a descendant of Guillaume of la Croix, Governor and Seneschal of Montpellier, President in the Court of Aides (Court of tax disputes) and Receiver of the Barony of Castries. Guillaume's two sons, Louis and Geoffroy, founded a family branch in Champagne from Languedoc. Jacques, grandson of Louis La Croix, was a Knight of the Order of Malta in 1568 and was the father of Gaspard and Jean. Jean, Gentleman of the Chamber to the King, was the grandfather of René Gaspard, Marquis of Castries in 1645, Lieutenant General and Knight of the Order of Malta in 1661.
The noble house of La Croix of Castries obtained six honors from the Court. Jean François Lacroix was a member of the first Commission and had missions with Danton in Belgium. He was blamed by the Commission of Twenty-One for advising Damouriez not to read his letter to the Convention and was arrested and found guilty because no one defended him except Danton.
Early History of the Crous family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crous research.Another 134 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1717, 1783, 1817, 1764, 1821 and 1783 are included under the topic Early Crous History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crous Spelling Variations
There were a great number of spelling variations
in French surnames. One reason for this was the wide variety of cultural influences present in France during the early development of the French language. The many spelling variations of the name include Lacroix, Lacrois, Lacroie, Lacroies, La Croix, Croix, Croixe, Crois, Croise, Cruce, Lacruce, La Cruce, La Croise and many more.
Early Notables of the Crous family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Crous Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crous family to the New World and Oceana
By 1643 there were only about 300 people in Quebec. Since immigration was slow, early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England
and were deported to Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name Crous has made significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Crous were
Crous Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- James Crous, aged 19, who settled in America from Ennis, in 1902
- Esposito Crous, aged 28, who emigrated to the United States from Acerra, in 1903
- Giocomo Crous, aged 26, who landed in America, in 1917
Contemporary Notables of the name Crous (post 1700)
- Marie Crous, French mathematician who introduced the decimal system to France in the 17th century
- Petrus Arnoldus Crous (b. 1955), South African professional boxer, WBC Cruiserweight Champion (1984-1985)
- Charl Crous (b. 1990), South African three-time gold medalist and two-time silver medalist swimmer