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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Crossley is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin and comes from the family once having lived at a region known as the cross or for the dweller at the cross.


The surname Crossley was first found in Yorkshire where they held a family seat from very early times.

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Crossley family name include Crossley, Crossleigh, Crosslie, Crossly, Croseleigh, Croseley, Crosslay, Crosslow, Crosselie, Crosseley and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crossley research. Another 329 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1200 and 1365 are included under the topic Early Crossley History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Crossley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Crossley surname or a spelling variation of the name include:

Crossley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Mary Crossley, who arrived in Maryland in 1673

Crossley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Ann, Martha, Mary, Susannah, Crossley who settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1765

Crossley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • David Crossley, aged 26, arrived in America in 1822
  • William Crossley settled in New York in 1823
  • Joseph Crossley, aged 34, landed in Kennebunk, Me in 1830
  • William Crossley, who landed in New York in 1843
  • Enoch, Frank, George, Henry, John, Robert, Stansfield, Thomas, Walter, and William Crossley, all settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania between 1847 and 1872

Crossley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Crossley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Phoenix" in 1860
  • F. Crossley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1871
  • William Crossley, aged 19, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Queen of Nations" in 1874
  • Elizabeth Crossley, aged 26, a cook, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Queen of Nations" in 1874
  • John Crossley arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Wairoa" in 1881


  • Wallace Crossley (1874-1943), American politician, 29th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri and publisher of The Daily Star-Journal
  • Shanna Annette Crossley (b. 1983), American professional basketball player
  • Kelsey-Beth Crossley (b. 1992), English actress, best known for her role as Scarlett Nicholls, on the ITV soap opera Emmerdale
  • James Crossley (b. 1973), English bodybuilder and actor, best known for his role as Hunter in the television series Gladiators from 1993-2000
  • Geoffrey Crossley (1921-2002), English racing driver
  • Francis Crossley (1839-1897), who with his brother William J. (1844-1911) founded Crossley Motors and Crossley, an English pioneer in the production of internal combustion engines and since 1988, part of the Rolls-Royce Power Engineering group
  • Herbert Crossley (1901-1921), English heavyweight boxer
  • Edward Crossley (1841-1905), English businessman, Liberal Party politician and astronomer, eponym of the Crossley telescope, California
  • Syd Crossley (1885-1960), English film actor who appeared in 114 films
  • Steve Crossley (b. 1990), English rugby league player



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Credo et amo
Motto Translation: I believe and love.


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  1. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  4. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  5. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  6. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  7. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  8. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  9. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  10. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  11. ...

The Crossley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crossley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 August 2015 at 13:45.

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