Crosby History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

A family of Strathclyde-Briton were the first to use the name Crosby. They lived in Wigtown and Dumfriesshire. The place-name Crosby is derived from the Old Norse words kross and byr, which mean cross and farm. [1]

Early Origins of the Crosby family

The surname Crosby was first found in Wigtownshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Bhaile na h-Uige), formerly a county in southwestern Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway.

Some of the family originated further south in northern England, specifically in the North Riding of Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cumberland. We found one reference in the Lincolnshire in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273: Geoffrey de Crosseby.

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 included Thomas de Crosby; Robertus de Crosseby; and Walterus de Crosseby. [2]

Early History of the Crosby family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crosby research. Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1178, 1180, 1189, 1215, 1289, 1296, 1347, 1440, 1593, 1546, 1475, 1376, 1471 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Crosby History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crosby Spelling Variations

In the era before dictionaries, there were no rules governing the spelling or translation of names or any other words. Consequently, there are an enormous number of spelling variations in Medieval Scottish names. Crosby has appeared as Crosby, Crosseby, Crosbie, Crossby, Corsby and many more.

Early Notables of the Crosby family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir John Crosby (d. 1475), of Crosby Place, Alderman of London, probably grandson of Sir John Crosby, doubtfully described as alderman of London, who died before 1376, leaving a son John in his minority. Both...
Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crosby Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Crosby family to Ireland

Some of the Crosby family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Crosby migration to the United States +

The freedom, opportunity, and land of the North American colonies beckoned. There, Scots found a place where they were generally free from persecution and where they could go on to become important players in the birth of new nations. Some fought in the American War of Independence, while others went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of these Scottish settlers have been able to recover their lost national heritage in the last century through highland games and Clan societies in North America. Among them:

Crosby Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Simon Crosby came in the "Susan and Ellen" sailing ship in 1635 and settled in Braintree, he became a freeman in 1636. His son, also named Simon, became the first innholder in Billerica
  • Marmaduke Crosby, aged 28, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [3]
  • Simon Crosby, who arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1635 [3]
  • Symon Crosby, aged 26, who landed in America in 1635 [3]
  • Tho Crosby, who arrived in Virginia in 1637 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Crosby Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Joshua Crosby, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [3]
  • Thomas Crosby, who landed in America in 1760-1763 [3]
  • Patrick Crosby, aged 19, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1775 [3]
Crosby Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Crosby, who arrived in New York in 1801 [3]
  • Neal Crosby, aged 24, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [3]
  • Mathew Crosby, who landed in New York, NY in 1817 [3]
  • Mr. Crosby, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1821 [3]
  • Peter Crosby, who arrived in New York in 1822 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Crosby migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crosby Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Abigal Crosby, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Barnett Crosby, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Josiah Crosby, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • William Crosby, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
Crosby Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Wintrope Crosby, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • Israel Crosby, who landed in Canada in 1828
  • Chancy Crosby, who landed in Canada in 1834
  • Mr. John Crosby, aged 35 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Dykes" departing 23rd April 1847 from Sligo, Ireland; the ship arrived on 10th June 1847 but he died on board [4]
  • Mr. John Crosby, aged 27 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Dykes" departing 23rd April 1847 from Sligo, Ireland; the ship arrived on 10th June 1847 but he died on board [4]
Crosby Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • O Crosby, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • B Crosby, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • Mrs. Crosby, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • Mrs. R Crosby, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907
  • William Crosby, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Australia Crosby migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Crosby Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. George Crosby, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 20th July 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Mr. Edward Crosby, English convict who was convicted in Newbury, Berkshire, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Augusta Jessie" on 10th August 1838, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he died in 1842 [6]
  • Charles Crosby, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1839 [7]
  • Daniel Crosby, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Planter" in 1839 [8]
  • Charles Crosby, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orleana" in 1840 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Crosby migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Crosby Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • David Crosby, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
  • Robert Crosby, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • Mr. Robert Crosby, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Gertrude" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 9th February 1863 [10]
  • Mr. Crosby, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Zambesi" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 20th September 1863 [11]
  • Ms. Crosby, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Zambesi" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 20th September 1863 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Crosby (post 1700) +

  • LaVon K. Crosby (1924-2016), American politician, member of the Nebraska Senate (1989–2000)
  • B.J. Crosby (1952-2015), born Joanne Crayton, an American Tony Award nominated jazz vocalist, singer, and actress, best known for her performance in the musical, Smokey Joe's Cafe
  • Robert Edward Crosby (b. 1980), American Major League Baseball infielder, Rookie of the Year in 2004
  • Percy Leo Crosby (1891-1964), American author, illustrator and cartoonist best known for his popular comic strip Skippy
  • Kathryn Crosby (b. 1933), born Olive Kathryn Grandstaff, an American actress and singer, wife of Bing Crosby
  • Denise Michelle Crosby (b. 1957), American actress, best known for portraying Security Chief Tasha Yar in Star Trek: The Next Generation, granddaughter of Bing Crosby
  • Mary Frances Crosby (b. 1959), American actress, best known for her role as Kristin Shepard in the television series Dallas (1979–1981), daughter of Bing Crosby
  • George Robert "Bob" Crosby (1913-1993), American Swing music singer and Dixieland bandleader, father of Bing Crosby
  • Caresse Crosby (1891-1970), born Mary Phelps Jacob, an American patron of the arts, poet, publisher, and peace activist, the age of 19, she invented the first modern brassiere
  • John Schuyler Crosby (1839-1914), American military officer, United States Consul in Florence, Italy, and 5th Governor of Montana Territory (1883-1884)
  • ... (Another 20 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. George  Crosby (1891-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
  • Mr. Percy  Crosby (1899-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Edwin Crosby, British Petty Officer Steward, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [13]
RMS Lusitania
  • Miss Ellen Crosby, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [14]
  • Miss Annie Crosby, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [14]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. J. Bertram Crosby (d. 1912), aged 42, English Turkish Bath Attendant from London, England who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mrs. Catherine Elizabeth Crosby, (née Halstead), aged 64, American First Class passenger from Milwaukee, Wisconsin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 7 [15]
  • Captain Edward Crosby (d. 1912), aged 70, American First Class passenger from Milwaukee, Wisconsin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [15]
  • Miss Harriette Rebecca Crosby, aged 39, American First Class passenger from Milwaukee, Wisconsin who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 7 [15]


The Crosby Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Resurgam
Motto Translation: I shall rise again


Suggested Readings for the name Crosby +

  • 769 "Ancestors and Descendants of Timothy Crosby, Jr." by Paul Wesley Prindle, "Crosby, a Pictorial History and Genealogy" by Samuel N. Crosby.

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 71)
  5. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th February 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1837
  6. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 23rd August 2020, Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/augusta-jessie)
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ORLEANA 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Orleana.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PLANTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Planter.htm
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ORLEANA 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Orleana.htm
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  13. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  14. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  15. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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