The name Croomer reached England
in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Croomer family lived in Kent
, where they were Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court.
Early Origins of the Croomer family
The surname Croomer was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Tunstall was held at the taking of the Domesday Book
by Hugh de Port from Bishop Odo of Bayeux as an under tenant
. Conjecturally, the surname Cromer is descended from this source.
Early History of the Croomer family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croomer research.Another 263 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1471, 1509, 1603, 1543, 1532 and 1534 are included under the topic Early Croomer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Croomer Spelling Variations
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Croomer family name include Cromer, Crowmer, Croamer, Croemer, Croomer, Cromar, Cromere and many more.
Early Notables of the Croomer family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Croomer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Croomer family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Croomer family to immigrate North America: Dennise Cromer settled in Virginia in 1705.