Show ContentsCroom History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Croom surname is thought to be derived from the Old English word "crumb," which meant "bent" or "crooked." [1] The name may have been a nickname for a crippled person, or it may have been an occupational name for a maker or seller of hooks. There are also several place names in Britain, such as Croom, East Yorkshire and Croome, Worcestershire from which surnames may have evolved.

Early Origins of the Croom family

The surname Croom was first found in Croom, a hamlet, in the parish of Sledmere, union of Driffield, wapentake of Buckrose, East Riding of Yorkshire. [2] [3]

Another source questions this origin: "but Croom, the Yorkshire place-name, is found in Domesday as Crognum, apparently the Old Norse krókinum, dat. sing. with affixed article of krók-r, crook." [4]

And yet another source claims the family was originally from Normandy and were "a form of Crun or Craon (Crowne or De Craon.) [5]

As far as early records of the family, this has proven to be difficult. One noted source points to a strong relationship between Croomb and Crome (including the many variants.) In the case, Robert de Crumbe was the first listed in the Assize Rolls of Staffordshire in 1199. He continues to note Maud le Crombe and John Croume in the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire in 1275; and Simon Crumbe in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296. [1]

Early History of the Croom family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croom research. Another 142 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600, 1476, 1455, 1487, 1562, 1503, 1507, 1526, 1633, 1684, 1633 and 1642 are included under the topic Early Croom History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Croom Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Croone, Croon, Croom, Crome, Crone, Cron, Croome and others.

Early Notables of the Croom family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Edward Crome (d. 1562), English Protestant divine, educated at Cambridge, taking the degrees of B.A. in 1503, M.A. in 1507, and D.D. in 1526. [6] William Croone or Croune (1633-1684)...
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Croom Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Croom Ranking

In the United States, the name Croom is the 6,000th most popular surname with an estimated 4,974 people with that name. [7]

United States Croom migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Croom Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Elizabeth Croom, who arrived in Maryland in 1682
  • Martha Croom, who settled in Maryland in 1682
  • John Croom, who settled in America in 1685

Australia Croom migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Croom Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

New Zealand Croom migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Croom Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • George Croom, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Pegasus" in 1865

Contemporary Notables of the name Croom (post 1700) +

  • Jerry Croom (b. 1991), American professional soccer player
  • Mark Croom (b. 1957), American engineer at NASA Langley Research Center, known for his work on the Viking Project
  • Corey Vincent Croom (b. 1971), former American football running back who played three seasons with the New England Patriots (1993-1995)
  • John M. Croom, United States Antarctic Research Program biologist at Palmer Station in 1968–1969, eponym of Croom Glacier, Antarctica
  • Larry Croom (b. 1981), American NFL football running back for the Pittsburgh Steelers
  • Sylvester Croom Jr. (b. 1954), American NFL football coach for the Tennessee Titans
  • Leslie Charles Brian Croom (1920-1989), English cricketer for Warwickshire in 1949 from Wybunbury, near Northwich, Cheshire
  • Alfred John William Croom (1896-1947), English cricketer from Reading, Berkshire who played for Warwickshire
  • George Croom Robertson (1842-1892), Scottish philosopher
  • Wiley Croom Rodman (1879-1942), American Democratic Party politician, Member of North Carolina State House of Representatives from Beaufort County, 1913-14 [9]

  1. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  5. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  6. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  7. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  8. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 20th October 2021). Retrieved from
  9. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 5) . Retrieved from on Facebook