Show ContentsCronshaw History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Cronshaw is part of the ancient legacy of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a product of when the family lived in the village of Cranshaw (Cronkshaw) in Lancashire. The name is derived from the Old English "cran(uc)" which means "crane" + "sceaga" which means "grove" or "thicket." [1] Another source claims the name literally means "the twisting or winding shaw (wood.)" [2]

Early Origins of the Cronshaw family

The surname Cronshaw was first found in Lancashire at Cranshaw (Cronkshaw) in the parish of Rochdale or Bury. One of the first records of the name was William de Crounkeshawe who was listed there in 1412. [3]

Cranshaws Castle or Cranshaws Tower is a 15th-century pele near the village of Cranshaws in Berwickshire, Scotland. The castle is thought to be the inspiration for "Ravenswood Castle", home of Edgar, the hero of Sir Walter Scott's tragedy the Bride of Lammermoor.

Early History of the Cronshaw family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cronshaw research. Another 116 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1590, 1572, 1626, 1610, 1667, 1612 and 1649 are included under the topic Early Cronshaw History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cronshaw Spelling Variations

The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Cronshaw has been spelled many different ways, including Crawshaw, Crawshay, Crawshawe, Cranshaw, Crankshaw and many more.

Early Notables of the Cronshaw family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include William Crashaw (1572-1626), English Puritan divine and poet, son of Richard Crashaw of Handsworth, near Sheffield, Yorkshire. Major Joseph Croshaw (1610-1667), son of Captain Raleigh Croshaw, was a substantial planter living near Williamsburg in the US Colony and Dominion...
Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cronshaw Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Cronshaw migration to the United States +

Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Cronshaws to arrive in North America:

Cronshaw Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Robert Cronshaw, aged 43, who immigrated to the United States, in 1894
  • Samuel Cronshaw, aged 26, who settled in America from Blackburn, in 1899
  • James Cronshaw, aged 51, who settled in America from Blackburn, in 1899
  • Agnes Cronshaw, aged 53, who immigrated to America from Blackburn, in 1899
Cronshaw Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Alfred Cronshaw, aged 62, who landed in America from Sydney, Australia, in 1913
  • Alice Cronshaw, aged 9, who immigrated to the United States from Manchester, England, in 1913
  • James B. Cronshaw, who landed in America from Southsea, in 1920
  • Henry Brenan Cronshaw, aged 33, who landed in America from Brierley Hill, England, in 1921

Australia Cronshaw migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cronshaw Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Cronshaw, English convict who was convicted in Preston, Lancashire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Belgravia" on 4th April 1866, arriving in Western Australia [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Cronshaw (post 1700) +

  • Eward Cronshaw, English sculptor
  • George Bernard Cronshaw (1872-1928), English Chaplain, Fellow and Bursar of The Queen's College Oxford University

  1. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
  2. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 30th September 2020). Retrieved from on Facebook