Show ContentsCrome History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Crome surname is thought to be derived from the Old English word "crumb," which meant "bent" or "crooked." [1] The name may have been a nickname for a crippled person, or it may have been an occupational name for a maker or seller of hooks. There are also several place names in Britain, such as Croom, East Yorkshire and Croome, Worcestershire from which surnames may have evolved.

Early Origins of the Crome family

The surname Crome was first found in Croom, a hamlet, in the parish of Sledmere, union of Driffield, wapentake of Buckrose, East Riding of Yorkshire. [2] [3]

Another source questions this origin: "but Croom, the Yorkshire place-name, is found in Domesday as Crognum, apparently the Old Norse krókinum, dat. sing. with affixed article of krók-r, crook." [4]

And yet another source claims the family was originally from Normandy and were "a form of Crun or Craon (Crowne or De Craon.) [5]

As far as early records of the family, this has proven to be difficult. One noted source points to a strong relationship between Croomb and Crome (including the many variants.) In the case, Robert de Crumbe was the first listed in the Assize Rolls of Staffordshire in 1199. He continues to note Maud le Crombe and John Croume in the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire in 1275; and Simon Crumbe in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296. [1]

Early History of the Crome family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crome research. Another 142 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600, 1476, 1455, 1487, 1562, 1503, 1507, 1526, 1633, 1684, 1633 and 1642 are included under the topic Early Crome History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crome Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Croone, Croon, Croom, Crome, Crone, Cron, Croome and others.

Early Notables of the Crome family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Edward Crome (d. 1562), English Protestant divine, educated at Cambridge, taking the degrees of B.A. in 1503, M.A. in 1507, and D.D. in 1526. [6] William Croone or Croune (1633-1684)...
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crome Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Crome migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crome Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Rich Crome, who landed in Virginia in 1663 [7]

New Zealand Crome migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Crome Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Edmond C. Crome, aged 19, a bootmaker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "La Hogue" in 1874

West Indies Crome migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [8]
Crome Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • William Crome, aged 17, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Crome (post 1700) +

  • John Crome (1768-1821), English landscape-painter, son of a poor journeyman weaver, called ‘Old Crome’ to distinguish him from his son, John Berney (or more properly Barney) Crome [9]
  • John Bernay Crome (1794-1842), English landscape-painter, born at Norwich 14 Dec. 1794, the eldest son of John (Old) Crome [9]

  1. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  5. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  6. Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  7. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  9. Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020 on Facebook