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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017

Origins Available: English, Scottish


Cromarty is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England with the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Cromarty family lived in Kent, where they were Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court.

Cromarty Early Origins



The surname Cromarty was first found in Kent where they held a family seat as Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Tunstall was held at the taking of the Domesday Book by Hugh de Port from Bishop Odo of Bayeux as an under tenant. Conjecturally, the surname Cromer is descended from this source.

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Cromarty Spelling Variations


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Cromarty Spelling Variations



Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Cromer, Crowmer, Croamer, Croemer, Croomer, Cromar, Cromere and many more.

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Cromarty Early History


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Cromarty Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cromarty research. Another 263 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1471, 1509, 1603, 1543, 1532 and 1534 are included under the topic Early Cromarty History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cromarty Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cromarty Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cromarty Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cromarty Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Cromarty, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "William Watson" in 1859
  • Margaret Cromarty, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "William Watson" in 1859
  • Isobella Cromarty, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "William Watson" in 1859
  • D. Cromarty, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "William Watson" in 1859

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Cromarty Family Crest Products


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Cromarty Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  2. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  3. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  4. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  5. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  6. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  7. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  8. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  9. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  10. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  11. ...

The Cromarty Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cromarty Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 23 March 2015 at 09:03.

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