Origins Available: English
The name Cromartey arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Cromartey family lived in Kent
, where they were Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court.
Early Origins of the Cromartey family
The surname Cromartey was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Tunstall was held at the taking of the Domesday Book
by Hugh de Port from Bishop Odo of Bayeux as an under tenant
. Conjecturally, the surname Cromer is descended from this source.
Early History of the Cromartey family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cromartey research.Another 263 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1471, 1509, 1603, 1543, 1532 and 1534 are included under the topic Early Cromartey History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cromartey Spelling Variations
A multitude of spelling variations
characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Cromer, Crowmer, Croamer, Croemer, Croomer, Cromar, Cromere and many more.
Early Notables of the Cromartey family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cromartey Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cromartey family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families left England
, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Cromartey or a variant listed above: Dennise Cromer settled in Virginia in 1705.