The surname is one of the names carried to England
in the great wave of migration from Normandy
following the Norman Conquest
in 1066. It is based on the given name Crispin, which derives from a Latin nickname
which means curly-haired. Much of the popularity of the name in the early Middle Ages is a result of the popularity of St. Crispin, who was martyred at Soissons in 285 AD.
Early Origins of the Crispens family
The surname Crispens was first found in Oxfordshire
where they had been granted the lands of Cowley by William the Conqueror for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
By the time of the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the family had scattered: Robert Crispien in Cambridgeshire; Crispianus de Colrigge in Devon; Crispian de Columbers in Lincolnshire; and Robert Crisping in Lincolnshire. Richard Crispine and William filius Crispianin were the two remaining listings in Oxfordshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Crispens family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crispens research.Another 232 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1107, 1066, 1149, 1055, 1117, 1273, 1627, 1681 and 1749 are included under the topic Early Crispens History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crispens Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Crispin, Chrispin, Crippin, Cripin, Crippen, Crepin, Crespin and many more.
Early Notables of the Crispens family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Henry Crispe was a distinguished knight at the time of King Henry VIII; Captain William Cripsin (1627-1681), one of five British Commissioners appointed by William Penn for settling his... Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crispens Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crispens family to Ireland
Some of the Crispens family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 85 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crispens family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Crispens or a variant listed above were: Thomas Crispin, who came to Barbados in 1635; Silas Crispin, who settled in Delaware in 1681; William Crispin, who came to Pennsylvania in 1682; Robert Crispin, a bonded passenger, who arrived in Maryland in 1763.