The surname is one of the names carried to England
in the great wave of migration from Normandy
following the Norman Conquest
in 1066. It is based on the given name Crispin, which derives from a Latin nickname
which means curly-haired. Much of the popularity of the name in the early Middle Ages is a result of the popularity of St. Crispin, who was martyred at Soissons in 285 AD.
Early Origins of the Crispan family
The surname Crispan was first found in Oxfordshire
where they had been granted the lands of Cowley by William the Conqueror for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
By the time of the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273, the family had scattered: Robert Crispien in Cambridgeshire; Crispianus de Colrigge in Devon; Crispian de Columbers in Lincolnshire; and Robert Crisping in Lincolnshire. Richard Crispine and William filius Crispianin were the two remaining listings in Oxfordshire. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Crispan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crispan research.Another 232 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1107, 1066, 1149, 1055, 1117, 1273, 1627, 1681 and 1749 are included under the topic Early Crispan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crispan Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Crispin, Chrispin, Crippin, Cripin, Crippen, Crepin, Crespin and many more.
Early Notables of the Crispan family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Henry Crispe was a distinguished knight at the time of King Henry VIII; Captain William Cripsin (1627-1681), one of five British Commissioners appointed by William Penn for settling his... Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crispan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crispan family to Ireland
Some of the Crispan family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 85 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crispan family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Crispan name or one of its variants: Thomas Crispin, who came to Barbados in 1635; Silas Crispin, who settled in Delaware in 1681; William Crispin, who came to Pennsylvania in 1682; Robert Crispin, a bonded passenger, who arrived in Maryland in 1763.