Crankshaw History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The lineage of the name Crankshaw begins with the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived in the village of Cranshaw (Cronkshaw) in Lancashire. The name is derived from the Old English "cran(uc)" which means "crane" + "sceaga" which means "grove" or "thicket."  Another source claims the name literally means "the twisting or winding shaw (wood.)" 
Early Origins of the Crankshaw family
The surname Crankshaw was first found in Lancashire at Cranshaw (Cronkshaw) in the parish of Rochdale or Bury. One of the first records of the name was William de Crounkeshawe who was listed there in 1412. 
Cranshaws Castle or Cranshaws Tower is a 15th-century pele near the village of Cranshaws in Berwickshire, Scotland. The castle is thought to be the inspiration for "Ravenswood Castle", home of Edgar, the hero of Sir Walter Scott's tragedy the Bride of Lammermoor.
Early History of the Crankshaw family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crankshaw research. Another 116 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1590, 1572, 1626, 1610, 1667, 1612 and 1649 are included under the topic Early Crankshaw History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crankshaw Spelling Variations
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Crankshaw has undergone many spelling variations, including Crawshaw, Crawshay, Crawshawe, Cranshaw, Crankshaw and many more.
Early Notables of the Crankshaw family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include William Crashaw (1572-1626), English Puritan divine and poet, son of Richard Crashaw of Handsworth, near Sheffield, Yorkshire.
Major Joseph Croshaw (1610-1667), son of Captain Raleigh Croshaw, was a substantial planter living near Williamsburg in the US Colony and Dominion...
Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crankshaw Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
| Crankshaw migration to Australia ||+|
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Crankshaw Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
|Contemporary Notables of the name Crankshaw (post 1700) ||+|
- Robert D. Crankshaw, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 1972 
- Maurice Crankshaw, American cameraman
- Edward Crankshaw, Author & Correspondent on Soviet Affairs
- Revien Crankshaw, stuntman
- Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
- Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
- The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 13) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html