Cranksaw History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The lineage of the name Cranksaw begins with the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived in the village of Cranshaw (Cronkshaw) in Lancashire. The name is derived from the Old English "cran(uc)" which means "crane" + "sceaga" which means "grove" or "thicket."  Another source claims the name literally means "the twisting or winding shaw (wood.)" 
Early Origins of the Cranksaw family
The surname Cranksaw was first found in Lancashire at Cranshaw (Cronkshaw) in the parish of Rochdale or Bury. One of the first records of the name was William de Crounkeshawe who was listed there in 1412.  Cranshaws Castle or Cranshaws Tower is a 15th-century pele near the village of Cranshaws in Berwickshire, Scotland. The castle is thought to be the inspiration for "Ravenswood Castle", home of Edgar, the hero of Sir Walter Scott's tragedy the Bride of Lammermoor.
Important Dates for the Cranksaw family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranksaw research. Another 116 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1590, 1610, 1667, 1612 and 1649 are included under the topic Early Cranksaw History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cranksaw Spelling Variations
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Cranksaw has undergone many spelling variations, including Crawshaw, Crawshay, Crawshawe, Cranshaw, Crankshaw and many more.
Early Notables of the Cranksaw family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Crawshaw of Cyfarthfa Castle; Major Joseph Croshaw (1610-1667), son of Captain Raleigh Croshaw, a substantial planter living near Williamsburg in the US Colony and Dominion of Virginia; and Richard Crashaw (1612-1649)...
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cranksaw Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cranksaw family
To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Cranksaw were among those contributors: Joseph Crawsha who arrived in New York in 1822; James, Titus, and William Crawshaw, settled in Philadelphia in the 1860's; William Crawshaw settled in Virginia in 1624.
- ^ Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges, A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)