Cranifart History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestors of the Cranifart family lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Cranifart was a habitational name, taken on from a place in Bedfordshire named Cranfield,  derived the from Old English words "cran," or "crane" meaning "open," and "feld," meaning a "field." 
Early Origins of the Cranifart family
The surname Cranifart was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England.   The ancient Latin source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" compiled in the reigns of Henry III - Edward I, listed Philippa de Cranefeld, Oxfordshire.  The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Alexander de Crannefeld in Huntingdonshire. 
Alternatively the name could have originated in Cranford, a parish, in the union of Kettering, hundred of Huxloe in Northamptonshire. In this case, the source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" lists John de Cranniford and Ralph de Craneford, as the first on record.  Later the Hundredorum Rolls listed: Geoffrey de Cranford in Devon; John de Cranford in Leicestershire; and Richard de Cranford in Buckinghamshire. 
Early History of the Cranifart family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranifart research. Another 84 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1675, 1575, 1645, 1621, 1592, 1657, 1621, 1651, 1625, 1674, 1680, 1696, 1682, 1685, 1592, 1657 and 1592 are included under the topic Early Cranifart History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cranifart Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Cranifart has been spelled many different ways, including Cranfield, Cranefield and others.
Early Notables of the Cranifart family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1575-1645), English merchant and nobleman, Lord High Treasurer in 1621; James Cranford (c.1592-1657), an English Presbyterian clergyman, active as a licenser of theological publications under the Commonwealth; James Cranfield, 2nd Earl of Middlesex (1621-1651), an English politician; Lionel Cranfield, 3rd Earl of...
Migration of the Cranifart family
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Cranifarts to arrive in North America: Edward and Anne Cranfield and their three sons, who came to Virginia in 1634; Peter Cranfeild, who came to Virginia in 1638; Francis Cranfield, who came to Barbados in 1657.