Cranford History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestors of the Cranford family lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Cranford was a habitational name, taken on from a place in Bedfordshire named Cranfield,  derived the from Old English words "cran," or "crane" meaning "open," and "feld," meaning a "field." 
Early Origins of the Cranford family
The surname Cranford was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England.   The ancient Latin source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" compiled in the reigns of Henry III - Edward I, listed Philippa de Cranefeld, Oxfordshire.  The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Alexander de Crannefeld in Huntingdonshire. 
Alternatively the name could have originated in Cranford, a parish, in the union of Kettering, hundred of Huxloe in Northamptonshire. In this case, the source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" lists John de Cranniford and Ralph de Craneford, as the first on record.  Later the Hundredorum Rolls listed: Geoffrey de Cranford in Devon; John de Cranford in Leicestershire; and Richard de Cranford in Buckinghamshire. 
Early History of the Cranford family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranford research. Another 84 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1675, 1575, 1645, 1621, 1592, 1657, 1621, 1651, 1625, 1674, 1680, 1696, 1682, 1685, 1592, 1657 and 1592 are included under the topic Early Cranford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cranford Spelling Variations
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Cranford has undergone many spelling variations, including Cranfield, Cranefield and others.
Early Notables of the Cranford family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1575-1645), English merchant and nobleman, Lord High Treasurer in 1621; James Cranford (c.1592-1657), an English Presbyterian clergyman, active as a licenser of theological publications under the Commonwealth; James Cranfield, 2nd Earl of Middlesex (1621-1651), an English politician; Lionel Cranfield, 3rd Earl of...
In the United States, the name Cranford is the 3,903rd most popular surname with an estimated 7,461 people with that name.  However, in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Cranford is ranked the 761st most popular surname with an estimated 56 people with that name. 
To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Cranford were among those contributors:
Cranford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century