Cranford History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancestors of the Cranford family lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Cranford was a habitational name, taken on from a place in Bedfordshire named Cranfield, [1] derived the from Old English words "cran," or "crane" meaning "open," and "feld," meaning a "field." [2]

Early Origins of the Cranford family

The surname Cranford was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England. [3] [4] The ancient Latin sourse "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" compiled in the reigns of Henry III - Edward I, listed Philippa de Cranefeld, Oxfordshire. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Alexander de Crannefeld in Huntingdonshire. [5]

Alternatively the name could have originated in Cranford, a parish, in the union of Kettering, hundred of Huxloe in Northamptonshire. In this case, the source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" lists John de Cranniford and Ralph de Craneford, as the first on record. Later the Hundredorum Rolls listed: Geoffrey de Cranford in Devon; John de Cranford in Leicestershire; and Richard de Cranford in Buckinghamshire. [5]

Important Dates for the Cranford family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranford research. Another 84 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1675, 1575, 1645, 1621, 1592, 1657, 1621, 1651, 1625, 1674, 1680, 1696, 1682 and 1685 are included under the topic Early Cranford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cranford Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Cranford has undergone many spelling variations, including Cranfield, Cranefield and others.

Early Notables of the Cranford family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1575-1645), English merchant and nobleman, Lord High Treasurer in 1621; James Cranford (c.1592-1657), an English Presbyterian clergyman, active as a licenser of theological publications under the Commonwealth...
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cranford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cranford migration to the United States

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Cranford were among those contributors:

Cranford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Cranford, who landed in Virginia in 1653 [6]
  • James Cranford, who arrived in Maryland in 1678 [6]

Contemporary Notables of the name Cranford (post 1700)

  • Clarence Cranford (1906-2003), American Baptist pastor, church leader, and author
  • Bob Cranford, American vocalist and harmonica player
  • Ronald Eugene Cranford (1941-2006), American neurologist and expert on comas and unconsciousness
  • Michael Cranford, former American game programmer and software engineer
  • John Walter Cranford (1862-1899), U.S. Representative from Texas
  • Roland Cranford, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Mississippi, 1936 [7]
  • L. B. Cranford, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Texas 3rd District, 1922 [7]
  • John Walter Cranford (1859-1899), American Democrat politician, Member of Texas State Senate, 1889-94; U.S. Representative from Texas 4th District, 1897-99 [7]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 13) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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