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Cranfield History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The ancestors of the Cranfield family lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Cranfield was a habitational name, taken on from a place in Bedfordshire named Cranfield, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
derived the from Old English words "cran," or "crane" meaning "open," and "feld," meaning a "field." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)


Early Origins of the Cranfield family


The surname Cranfield was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
[4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
The ancient Latin sourse "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" compiled in the reigns of Henry III - Edward I, listed Philippa de Cranefeld, Oxfordshire. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Alexander de Crannefeld in Huntingdonshire. [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

Alternatively the name could have originated in Cranford, a parish, in the union of Kettering, hundred of Huxloe in Northamptonshire. In this case, the source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" lists John de Cranniford and Ralph de Craneford, as the first on record. Later the Hundredorum Rolls listed: Geoffrey de Cranford in Devon; John de Cranford in Leicestershire; and Richard de Cranford in Buckinghamshire. [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)


Early History of the Cranfield family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranfield research.
Another 151 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1675, 1575, 1645, 1621, 1592, 1657, 1621, 1651, 1625, 1674, 1680, 1696, 1682 and 1685 are included under the topic Early Cranfield History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cranfield Spelling Variations


One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Cranfield has appeared include Cranfield, Cranefield and others.

Early Notables of the Cranfield family (pre 1700)


Distinguished members of the family include Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1575-1645), English merchant and nobleman, Lord High Treasurer in 1621; James Cranford (c.1592-1657), an English Presbyterian clergyman, active as a licenser of theological publications under the Commonwealth...
Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cranfield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cranfield family to Ireland


Some of the Cranfield family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cranfield family to the New World and Oceana


At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Cranfield arrived in North America very early:

Cranfield Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Edward Cranfield, who arrived in Maryland in 1633 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Edward and Anne Cranfield and their three sons, who settled in Virginia in 1634
  • Thomas Cranfield, aged 14, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Francis Cranfield, who settled in Barbados in 1657
  • Alice and John Cranfield, who settled in New England in 1684

Cranfield Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Henry Cranfield, who settled in Virginia in 1721
  • William Cranfield, who arrived in Mississippi in 1799 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Cranfield Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John Cranfield, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833
  • John Cranfield, aged 26, a gentleman, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Legatus" from London, England

Cranfield Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Cranfield a brickmaker, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Emma" in 1836 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emma. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Emma.gif
  • Rachel Cranfield, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Emma" in 1836 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emma. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Emma.gif

Contemporary Notables of the name Cranfield (post 1700)


  • Hamish Cranfield, American actor
  • Pat Cranfield, American stuntman
  • Lionel Montague "Monty" Cranfield (1909-1993), English first-class cricketer for Gloucestershire between 1934 and 1951
  • Lionel Lord Cranfield (1883-1968), English first-class cricketer for Gloucestershire and Somerset between 1903 and 1922
  • Frankie Cranfield, English watercolor artist
  • Ernest Cranfield Tedder (1915-1972), English cricketer

Cranfield Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  5. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emma. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Emma.gif

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