Courtright History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestry of the name Courtright can be traced back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a name for a maker of carts, and wheels. The name has its origins in the Old English word craet, which means cart, and the Old English word wyrtha, which means wright or maker, thereby denoting one who was the maker of carts or wagons. [1]

The name could also have been "from Cauterêts; a location name in Normandy Cateray in Roll of Battell Abbey. De Ceterith, a tenant in chief in the Domesday Book. " [2]

Another source notes the family is "armorially identified with Cateryke, or Catherick (Robson). Catherick was part of the demesne of the Earls of Richmond, and the surname therefore probably arose from tenure of the office of Seneschal by a branch of a neighbouring family. The arms (a fesse) are those of the adjoining family of De Smythton or Eschalers, with three cinquefoils for difference, which were afterwards corrupted into ‘roses', 'Catherine wheels', and ‘fire-balls with rays.’ Of this family Ilbert de Catherege, or Catherage (a form of Catheric), occurs in Normandy, 1180-98 (Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae); which shows the Norman origin of the family. A branch long remained at Stanwick, in Richmondshire, close to Catterick. Another branch was seated in Notts, and one in Cambridge; and the name there changed from Cateryke to Cartwright." [3]

Early Origins of the Courtright family

The surname Courtright was first found in Yorkshire where early rolls listed the name as a profession and a surname. The Poll Tax of Howdenshire (East Riding of Yorkshire) listed Robert le Cartwright. B. Johannes Toppe, cartwryght. In the same year the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls listed: Magota Cartwryght; Henriciis Wryght, catrwryght (sic); Johannes Warde, cartwright; Johannes Percivale, cartwryght and Geoffrey Cartewirght. [4]

Important Dates for the Courtright family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Courtright research. Another 119 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1755, 1535, 1603, 1602, 1658, 1634, 1676, 1659, 1634, 1689, 1686, 1661, 1661, 1611, 1643, 1611, 1686, 1635 and 1703 are included under the topic Early Courtright History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Courtright Spelling Variations

Courtright has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Courtright have been found, including Cartwright, Cartright, Cartwrite, Carthright, Kartwright, Kartright, Cartrite, Kartwrite, Chartwright, Cartrite, Catherick, Cartrait, Cartray, Ceterith, Cateray, Cautheret, Carterwright, Carterright, Carterrite, Chartright, Chartwright, Cardwright and many more.

Early Notables of the Courtright family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Thomas Cartwright (1535-1603), described by Strype (Annals, ii. i. c. 1) as 'the head and most learned of that sect of dissenters then called Puritans,' was a native of Hertfordshire, but his place of birth is not recorded." [5] Christopher Cartwright (1602-1658), was an English divine, born in the parish of St. Michael-le-Belfry, York. He was a Hebraist and used targums in Biblical exegesis, following the lead of Henry Ainsworth with John Weemes. [5] William Cartwright (1634-1676), was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659; Thomas Cartwright (1634-1689), was an...
Another 140 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Courtright Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Courtright family

In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Courtrights to arrive on North American shores: Bethia Cartwright who settled in Salem Massachusetts in 1630; John Cartwright settled in Virginia in 1624; Matthew Cartwright settled in Maryland in 1700.

Contemporary Notables of the name Courtright (post 1700)

  • Yvette Courtright, American politician, Mayor of Muskegon Heights, Michigan, 1960 [6]
  • T. T. Courtright, American Democrat politician, Presidential Elector for Ohio, 1940 [6]
  • James S. Courtright (1858-1941), American politician, Mayor of Normal, Illinois; Postmaster [6]
  • C. C. Courtright, American politician, Mayor of Marshall, Michigan, 1936-37 [6]
  • Timothy Isaiah "Longhair Jim" or "Big Jim" Courtright (1848-1887), American lawman, outlaw and gunfighter who died in the famous Luke Short – Jim Courtright duel
  • William Courtright (1848-1933), American film actor
  • Raymond O. "Ray" Courtright (1891-1979), American football and baseball player and college coach of football, basketball, golf, and wrestling
  • James Milton Courtright (1914-2003), Canadian Olympic track and field athlete and Vice Principal of Queen's University

Citations

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, May 19) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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