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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Cottrill family come from? What is the English Cottrill family crest and coat of arms? When did the Cottrill family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Cottrill family history?

Cottrill is a name whose history on English soil dates back to the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The name Cottrill comes from a serf or bond tenant who held a cottage by service. The name is derived from the Old English cote, which means "shelter," or "cottage."


Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Cotterell, Cotterel, Cotteral, Cotteril, Cotterill, Cottral, Cottrall, Cottrell, Cottrel, Coterall, Coterel, Coteril, Coterill, Cotrall, Cotrell, Cottrle, Cotral, Cotraul, Cotrelly and many more.

First found in Derbyshire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cottrill research. Another 200 words(14 lines of text) covering the year 1691 is included under the topic Early Cottrill History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Cottrill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Cottrill or a variant listed above:

Cottrill Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Cottrill, who landed in St Clair County, III in 1874

Cottrill Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Francis J. Cottrill, aged 20, who landed in America from Leicester, in 1903
  • Harry Cottrill, aged 36, who emigrated to America from Bristol, England, in 1911
  • Minnie Cottrill, aged 36, who emigrated to the United States from Bristol, England, in 1911
  • Alfred Cottrill, aged 21, who landed in America from Barnes, England, in 1911
  • Beatrice May Cottrill, aged 15, who emigrated to the United States from Bristol, England, in 1911

Cottrill Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century

  • Lorne Cottrill, aged 26, who emigrated to Hamilton, Canada, in 1915


  • William Cottrill (1889-1972), British bronze medalist athlete at the 1912 Summer Olympics
  • Commissioner Walter Stanley Cottrill (1914-2005), the 15th Chief of the Staff of The Salvation Army


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  1. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  2. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  3. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  4. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  5. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  6. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  7. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  8. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  9. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  10. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  11. ...

The Cottrill Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cottrill Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 December 2014 at 17:05.

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