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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The surname Cornish is a Welsh
name that was first held when the Cornish family lived in the English county of Cornwall
. As a general rule, the greater the distance between individuals and their homelands, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, people who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Consequently, the name Cornish was not originally applied to a lifelong resident of Cornwall
, but rather to someone who emigrated from Cornwall
to another region.
The surname Cornish was first found in Devon
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times.
Compared to other ancient cultures found in the British Isles, the number of Welsh surnames are relatively few, but there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations. These spelling variations began almost as soon as surname usage became common. The most obvious reason was the challenge of translating from Welsh into English. As a result, people could not specify how to spell their own names leaving the specific recording up to the individual scribe or priest. Those recorders would then spell the names as they heard them, causing many different variations. Later, many Welsh names were recorded in English. This transliteration process was extremely imprecise since the Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh used many sounds the English language was not accustomed to. Finally, some variations occurred by the individual's design: a branch loyalty within a family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations were indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The Cornish name over the years has been spelled Cornish, Cornishe, Corniss, Cornise, Carnish, Cornich, Corniche, Cornick and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cornish research. Another 231 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1375, 1450, 1685, 1677 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Cornish History in all our PDF Extended History products
Another 111 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cornish Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
Many people from Wales
joined the general migration to North America in the 19th and 20th centuries, searching for land, work, and freedom. Like the many other immigrants from the British Isles, they made a significant contribution to the development of Canada and the United States. The Welsh
and their descendents added a rich cultural tradition to the newly developed towns, cities, and villages. An investigation of the immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Cornish:
Cornish Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Thomas Cornish, who arrived in Virginia in 1620
- Samuel Cornish, who landed in Salem, Massachusetts in 1637
- Samuel Cornish was one of the first settlers in North America, settling in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1637
- Robert Cornish, who arrived in Maryland in 1650
- John Cornish, who landed in Maryland in 1651
Cornish Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Walter Cornish, who arrived in New England in 1720
- James Cornish, who arrived in New England in 1730
Cornish Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- James Cornish was the first Schoolmaster and Town Clerk in Westfield, Massachusetts
- F Cornish, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
- H Cornish, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
- Frederick G Cornish, who landed in Colorado in 1881
- Andrew I Cornish, who landed in Iowa in 1882
Cornish Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- W. Cornish arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Katherine Stewart Forbes" in 1837
- John Cornish arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1839
- Jane Cornish arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1839
- Thomas Vivien Cornish arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Brightman" in 1840
- Grace Cornish arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Brightman" in 1840
Cornish Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Sydney Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1853
- Charlotte Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1853
- John Cornish, aged 31, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Schiehallion" in 1872
- William Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874
- Rachel Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874
- Geoffrey S. Cornish (1914-2012), Canadian golf course architect, author, fellow of the American Society of Golf Course Architects who designed over 200 courses
- Professor Ronald J Cornish, distinguished Municipal Engineer
- Professor William R Cornish, Professor of English Law, London School of Economics
- Joe Cornish (b. 1968), British comedian
- Hubert Cornish, Australian television presenter
- Francis Evans Cornish, Canadian politician
- Abbie Cornish (b. 1982), Australian actress
- Joe Cornish (b. 1958), British landscape photographer
- Morgan, T. J. Morgan and Prys Morgan. Welsh Surnames. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1985. Print.
- Davies, R. R. The Age of Conquest: Wales, 1063-1415. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print.
- Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
- Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
- Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
- Rowlands, John, John Rowlands and Sheila Rowlands. Welsh Family History: A Guide to Research. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1999. Print. (ISBN 080631620).
- Thirsk, Joan ed. Et. Al. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
- Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
- Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
- Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
The Cornish Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cornish Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 21 August 2015 at 19:10.
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