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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The surname Cornish is a Welsh name that was first held when the Cornish family lived in the English county of Cornwall. As a general rule, the greater the distance between individuals and their homelands, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, people who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Consequently, the name Cornish was not originally applied to a lifelong resident of Cornwall, but rather to someone who emigrated from Cornwall to another region.

Cornish Early Origins



The surname Cornish was first found in Devon, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

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Cornish Spelling Variations


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Cornish Spelling Variations



Compared to other ancient cultures found in the British Isles, the number of Welsh surnames are relatively few, but there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations. These spelling variations began almost as soon as surname usage became common. The most obvious reason was the challenge of translating from Welsh into English. As a result, people could not specify how to spell their own names leaving the specific recording up to the individual scribe or priest. Those recorders would then spell the names as they heard them, causing many different variations. Later, many Welsh names were recorded in English. This transliteration process was extremely imprecise since the Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh used many sounds the English language was not accustomed to. Finally, some variations occurred by the individual's design: a branch loyalty within a family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations were indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The Cornish name over the years has been spelled Cornish, Cornishe, Corniss, Cornise, Carnish, Cornich, Corniche, Cornick and many more.

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Cornish Early History


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Cornish Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cornish research. Another 231 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1375, 1450, 1465, 1523, 1685, 1677 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Cornish History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cornish Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cornish Early Notables (pre 1700)



Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was William Cornysh the Younger (also spelled Cornyshe or Cornish) (1465-1523), an English composer, dramatist, actor, and poet. His only surviving poem, was written in Fleet Prison. Henry Cornish (died 1685), was a London Alderman of the ward...

Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cornish Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Many people from Wales joined the general migration to North America in the 19th and 20th centuries, searching for land, work, and freedom. Like the many other immigrants from the British Isles, they made a significant contribution to the development of Canada and the United States. The Welsh and their descendents added a rich cultural tradition to the newly developed towns, cities, and villages. An investigation of the immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Cornish:

Cornish Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Thomas Cornish, who arrived in Virginia in 1620
  • Samuel Cornish, who landed in Salem, Massachusetts in 1637
  • Samuel Cornish was one of the first settlers in North America, settling in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1637
  • Robert Cornish, who arrived in Maryland in 1650
  • John Cornish, who landed in Maryland in 1651
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cornish Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Walter Cornish, who arrived in New England in 1720
  • James Cornish, who arrived in New England in 1730

Cornish Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Cornish was the first Schoolmaster and Town Clerk in Westfield, Massachusetts
  • F Cornish, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • H Cornish, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Frederick G Cornish, who landed in Colorado in 1881
  • Andrew I Cornish, who landed in Iowa in 1882

Cornish Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • W. Cornish arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Katherine Stewart Forbes" in 1837 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) KATHERINE STEWART FORBES 1837 arrived Holdfast Bay, near Adelaide, on October 17, 1837. . Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837KatherineStewartForbes.htm
  • John Cornish arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1839 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CAROLINE 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Caroline.htm
  • Jane Cornish arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Caroline" in 1839 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CAROLINE 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Caroline.htm
  • Thomas Vivien Cornish arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Brightman" in 1840 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRIGHTMAN 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Brightman.htm
  • Grace Cornish arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Brightman" in 1840 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRIGHTMAN 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Brightman.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cornish Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Sydney Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1853
  • Charlotte Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1853
  • John Cornish, aged 31, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Schiehallion" in 1872
  • William Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874
  • Rachel Cornish arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Cornish (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Cornish (post 1700)



  • Samuel B. Cornish (1795-1858), American Presbyterian minister, abolitionist, publisher, and journalist
  • Sandy Cornish (1793-1869), African American farmer, businessperson, and civic leader in Key West, Florida
  • Audie N. Cornish, American journalist and a current co-host of NPR's All Things Considered
  • William Rich Cornish (1890-1969), Canadian politician, Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta (1944-1955)
  • William Robert "W.R." Cornish (1828-1896), British physician, Surgeon-General of India in the Madras Presidency
  • Sir Samuel Cornish (1715-1770), 1st Baronet, a British naval commander
  • Mitch Cornish (b. 1993), Australian professional rugby league footballer
  • Jon Cornish (b. 1984), Canadian CFL football running back for the Calgary Stampeders from 2007 to 2015, CFL's Most Outstanding Canadian Award (2012, 2013, 2014), CFL's Most Outstanding Player Award (2013)
  • Joe Cornish (b. 1958), British landscape photographer from Exeter, Devon
  • Joseph Murray "Joe" Cornish (b. 1968), English comedian, television and radio presenter, co-author of The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Cornish Family Crest Products


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Cornish Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) KATHERINE STEWART FORBES 1837 arrived Holdfast Bay, near Adelaide, on October 17, 1837. . Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837KatherineStewartForbes.htm
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CAROLINE 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Caroline.htm
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRIGHTMAN 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Brightman.htm

Other References

  1. Evans, Gwynfor. Wales: A History: 2000 Years of Welsh History. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-120-2).
  2. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  3. Morgan, T. J. Morgan and Prys Morgan. Welsh Surnames. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1985. Print.
  4. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  5. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  6. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  7. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  8. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  9. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  10. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  11. ...

The Cornish Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cornish Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 13 June 2016 at 08:36.

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