Cloughse History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestry of the name Cloughse dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived as inhabitants by the enclosed place. Another origin may be derived from the Old English word close, that referred to worker in the farm-yard.
Early Origins of the Cloughse family
The surname Cloughse was first found in Yorkshire where the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 make the first mention of the family. There we found Johannes del Clos and Willelmus del Clos both listed as holding lands at that time. 
However one notes source states: "some families of this name are of Yorkshire origin and some are Gaelic-Ó Cluasaigh; both are found in Antrim and adjacent counties." 
Early History of the Cloughse family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cloughse research. Another 117 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1452, 1450, 1452, 1452, 1453, 1443, 1447, 1448, 1585, 1579, 1581, 1585, 1640, 1659, 1660, 1854, 1857 and 1878 are included under the topic Early Cloughse History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cloughse Spelling Variations
Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Cloughse have been found, including Close, Cloase, Cloise, Clowse, Clovse, Cloace, Cloce, Cloose and many more.
Early Notables of the Cloughse family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Nicholas Close (died 1452), English priest, Bishop of Carlisle (1450 to 1452) and Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield (1452 to 1453). He was "one of the six original fellows of King's College, Cambridge, appointed by the founder, Henry VI, in 1443. Of his previous life nothing has as yet been discovered. The accounts of King's College show that he was frequently employed on important business, and in 1447 he became overseer of the building works ('magister operum')...
Migration of the Cloughse family to Ireland
Some of the Cloughse family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Migration of the Cloughse family
Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Cloughse, or a variant listed above: Phettiplace Close settled in Virginia in 1608; twelve years before the "Mayflower"; Daniel Close settled in Jamaica in 1670; John Close settled in Virginia in 1670.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fortis et fidelis
Motto Translation: Brave and faithful.