Clitterowe History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Clitterowe is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when the family lived in the area of Clithero in the county of Lancashire, beside the river Ribble.
"The ancient name of this town, Cliderhow, is of a mixed derivation from the British Cled-dwr, which signifies the hill or rock by the waters, and the final syllable how, a Saxon word for hill; being descriptive of its situation on an isolated eminence, terminating in one direction in a lofty rock of limestone whereon stands the keep of a castle, the original erection of which is involved in considerable obscurity." 
Early Origins of the Clitterowe family
The surname Clitterowe was first found in Lancashire at Clitheroe, a town and civil parish in the Borough of Ribble Valley. The name Clitheroe is thought to come from the Anglo-Saxon for "Rocky Hill." The town is home to Clitheroe Castle, a motte and bailey castle which probably dates back to before 1086 as there is reference to it as "castellatu Rogerii pictaviensis" in the Domesday Book.  In 2007, the castle was restored to its original beauty and is now open to the public. The Honour of Clitheroe is an ancient grouping of manors and royal forests centered on Clitheroe Castle. The Battle of Clitheroe was fought 10 June 1138 between Scots and English knights.
Robert de Cliderhou (d. 1339?), was an English justiciar, who "belonged to a family which had been for one or two generations settled at Clitheroe in Lancashire, and he held the manor of Bayley near that town. In 1302 some land at Aighton was conveyed to him by W. de Mitton, and in 1307 he brought an action against three brothers, Ralph, William, and Geoffrey, of Bradenull, who had assaulted him when on the king's service, and had beaten him until they left him for dead. The offenders were ordered to pay him 200l. as compensation. During the reigns of Edward I and Edward II he was one of the clerks of the chancery." 
Early History of the Clitterowe family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clitterowe research. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1635, 1955, 1586, 1564, 1565, 1571, 1600, 1574, 1585, 1586, 1586, 1641, 1592, 1603, 1606 and 1469 are included under the topic Early Clitterowe History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Clitterowe Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Clitterowe are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Clitterowe include: Clitherow, Clitheroe, Cletherow, Clyderow, Cliderow and many more.
Early Notables of the Clitterowe family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Margaret Clitherow (d. 1586), the 'martyr of York,' the daughter of Thomas Middleton, citizen of York and wax-chandler, who served the office of Sheriff in 1564-1565. On 1 July 1571 she was married to John Clitherow, butcher. He was a well-to-do man, and was afterwards chosen a chamberlain of the city, thus becoming entitled, ex officio, to the appellation of gentleman. Although John Clitherow was not a Roman catholic, his brother William was a priest, and it is probable that 'Thomas Clitherow of York, draper,' who was in the castle for his religion in 1600...
Migration of the Clitterowe family
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Clitterowe or a variant listed above: Robert Clitheroe who settled in Jamaica in 1684; John Clitheroe settled in Virginia in 1731.