Clitherough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancient roots of the Clitherough family name are in the Anglo-Saxon culture. The name Clitherough comes from when the family lived in the area of Clithero in the county of Lancashire, beside the river Ribble.
"The ancient name of this town, Cliderhow, is of a mixed derivation from the British Cled-dwr, which signifies the hill or rock by the waters, and the final syllable how, a Saxon word for hill; being descriptive of its situation on an isolated eminence, terminating in one direction in a lofty rock of limestone whereon stands the keep of a castle, the original erection of which is involved in considerable obscurity." 
Early Origins of the Clitherough family
The surname Clitherough was first found in Lancashire at Clitheroe, a town and civil parish in the Borough of Ribble Valley. The name Clitheroe is thought to come from the Anglo-Saxon for "Rocky Hill." The town is home to Clitheroe Castle, a motte and bailey castle which probably dates back to before 1086 as there is reference to it as "castellatu Rogerii pictaviensis" in the Domesday Book.  In 2007, the castle was restored to its original beauty and is now open to the public. The Honour of Clitheroe is an ancient grouping of manors and royal forests centered on Clitheroe Castle. The Battle of Clitheroe was fought 10 June 1138 between Scots and English knights.
Robert de Cliderhou (d. 1339?), was an English justiciar, who "belonged to a family which had been for one or two generations settled at Clitheroe in Lancashire, and he held the manor of Bayley near that town. In 1302 some land at Aighton was conveyed to him by W. de Mitton, and in 1307 he brought an action against three brothers, Ralph, William, and Geoffrey, of Bradenull, who had assaulted him when on the king's service, and had beaten him until they left him for dead. The offenders were ordered to pay him 200l. as compensation. During the reigns of Edward I and Edward II he was one of the clerks of the chancery." 
Early History of the Clitherough family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clitherough research. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1635, 1955, 1586, 1564, 1565, 1571, 1600, 1574, 1585, 1586, 1586, 1641, 1592, 1603, 1606 and 1469 are included under the topic Early Clitherough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Clitherough Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Clitherough has appeared include Clitherow, Clitheroe, Cletherow, Clyderow, Cliderow and many more.
Early Notables of the Clitherough family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Margaret Clitherow (d. 1586), the 'martyr of York,' the daughter of Thomas Middleton, citizen of York and wax-chandler, who served the office of Sheriff in 1564-1565. On 1 July 1571 she was married to John Clitherow, butcher. He was a well-to-do man, and was afterwards chosen a chamberlain of the city, thus becoming entitled, ex officio, to the appellation of gentleman. Although John Clitherow was not a Roman catholic, his brother William was a priest, and it is probable that 'Thomas Clitherow of York, draper,' who was in the castle for his religion in 1600...
Another 211 words (15 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Clitherough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Clitherough family
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Clitherough arrived in North America very early: Robert Clitheroe who settled in Jamaica in 1684; John Clitheroe settled in Virginia in 1731.
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print