Show ContentsClaypole History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The origins of the Claypole name lie with England's ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It comes from when the family lived in Claypole, a parish in the county of Lincolnshire, near Newark. [1] "Oliver Cromwell is supposed to have slept at this place on the night previous to the siege of Newark, in an ancient house near the river, which still remains. " [2]

The parish dates back to the Domesday Book of 1086 when it was first listed as Claipol and literally meant "clayey pool" from the Old English words "claeg" + "pol." [3]

Early Origins of the Claypole family

The surname Claypole was first found in Lincolnshire where one of the first records of the family was Geoffrey de Cleipol, a Knight Templar there in 1185. [4] A few years later, William de Claypol, Lincolnshire was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 and William Claypole, was vicar of Wyken, Norfolk in 1388. [5] John de Claipole was listed in the Assize Rolls of Lincolnshire in 1374.

Further to the north in Scotland, "Magister Symon de Claypoll witnessed the gift of the church of Maleuille to the monastery of Dunfermline in 1255, and two years later appears as Master Simon de Claipol, rector of Insula (St. Mary's Isle) in the diocese of Whitehern, was probably a cleric from England. " [6]

Early History of the Claypole family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Claypole research. Another 68 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1625, 1629, 1645, 1646, 1654, 1655, 1658, 1660 and 1688 are included under the topic Early Claypole History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Claypole Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Claypole were recorded, including Claypool, Claypoll, Claypole, Claypoole, Claypol and others.

Early Notables of the Claypole family

Distinguished members of the family include

  • John Claypole, an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1654, High Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1655, supporter of the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War
  • his son John Claypole (1625-1688), created Lord Cleypole by Oliver Cromwell, English an officer in the Parliamentary Army in 1645 during the English Civil War, created Lord Cleypole by Oliver Cromwell...

United States Claypole migration to the United States +

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Claypole family emigrate to North America:

Claypole Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • J Claypole, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [7]

Australia Claypole migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Claypole Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Claypole, Jr., English convict who was convicted in Ely (Isle of Ely), Cambridgeshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Fanny" on 25th August 1815, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • Mr. William Claypole, (Stanyard), British Convict who was convicted in Rutland, East Midlands, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 27th October 1819, arriving in Tasmania (Van Diemen's Land) [9]

West Indies Claypole migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [10]
Claypole Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Edward Claypole who settled in Barbados with his daughter Abigail in 1679

Contemporary Notables of the name Claypole (post 1700) +

  • Eugene Claypole (b. 1938), American politician, Member of West Virginia State Senate 14th District, 1991-94; Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates 44th District, 1997- [11]
  • Agnes Mary Claypole Moody (1870-1954), American zoologist and professor of natural science, twin sister of Edith Jane Claypole
  • Edith Jane Claypole (1870-1915), English-born, American physiologist and pathologist
  • Arthur Griffin Claypole (1882-1929), English cathedral organist at the Derby Cathedral (1921-1929), Music Master at Kent College in Canterbury (1904 to 1911)

  1. Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  4. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  6. Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  7. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 28th September 2022).
  9. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 12th March 2021). Retrieved from
  11. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from on Facebook