Clay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Clay is one of the names that was brought to England in the wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Clay family lived in Lincolnshire, where they held a family seat at Claye.

Early Origins of the Clay family

The surname Clay was first found in Lincolnshire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Important Dates for the Clay family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clay research. Another 78 words (6 lines of text) covering the year 1086 is included under the topic Early Clay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clay Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Clay include Clay, Claye, Cley, Cleye, McClay and others.

Early Notables of the Clay family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Clay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Clay family to Ireland

Some of the Clay family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clay migration to the United States

In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Clays to arrive on North American shores:

Clay Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Anne Clay, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [1]
  • Jonas Clay, who settled in Wells and Cape Porpus in 1636
  • Lancelott Clay, who landed in Virginia in 1638 [1]
  • Jon Clay, who arrived in Virginia in 1642 [1]
  • John Clay, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Clay Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • James Clay, who landed in Virginia in 1701 [1]
  • William Clay, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [1]
  • Rebecka Clay, who landed in Virginia in 1702 [1]
  • Eliza Clay, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [1]
  • Bertrum Clay, aged 50, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1740 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Clay Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Henry M Clay, who arrived in Texas in 1836 [1]
  • Mary Clay, aged 32, who arrived in New York, NY in 1843 [1]
  • Minna Clay, aged 8, who landed in New York, NY in 1843 [1]
  • Federick Clay, aged 35, who arrived in New York, NY in 1843 [1]
  • Fredericka Clay, aged 34, who arrived in New York, NY in 1843 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Clay migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Clay Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Clay, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749

Clay migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Clay Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Robert Clay, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Madawaska" in 1849 [2]
  • John Clay, English Convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Aboukir" on December 24, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]

Clay migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Clay Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Edward Clay, aged 36, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Hannah Clay, aged 32, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
  • Miss Sarah H. Clay, (b. 1848), aged 19, British domestic servant travelling from London aboard the ship " Lancashire Witch" sailing to Auckland and Lyttelton, New Zealand on 29th July 1867 [4]
  • Mr. William Clay, (b. 1846), aged 21, British baker travelling from London aboard the ship " Lancashire Witch" sailing to Auckland and Lyttelton, New Zealand on 29th July 1867 [4]
  • Edward Clay, aged 22, a farm labourer, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oxford" in 1874
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Clay (post 1700)

  • Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. (1942-2016), American three-time World Heavyweight Champion boxer, philanthropist and social activist, named "Sportsman of the Century" by Sports Illustrated in 1999, who changed his name to Muhammad Ali
  • Jack DeWayne Clay (1926-2019), American acting teacher, director and actor
  • William R. Clay, American Republican politician, Candidate for Missouri State House of Representatives from Jackson County 2nd District, 1946, 1948, 1950 [5]
  • William Lacy Clay Jr. (b. 1956), American Democrat politician, Member of Missouri State House of Representatives, 1983-91; Member of Missouri State Senate, 1991-2001 [5]
  • William Nathan Clay (b. 1865), American Democrat politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Cabell County, 1917-18 [5]
  • William H. Clay (1863-1931), American politician, Mayor of Everett, Washington, 1914-16, 1920-24 [5]
  • William Lacy Clay Sr. (b. 1931), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from Missouri 1st District, 1969-2001; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1996, 2000 [5]
  • Wiley T. Clay, American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in São Luís, 1943 [5]
  • Thomas Hart Clay (1803-1871), American politician, U.S. Minister to Nicaragua, 1863; Honduras, 1863 [5]
  • Thomas Glenn Clay, American Republican politician, Candidate in primary for Mayor of Frederick, Maryland, 2001 [5]
  • ... (Another 73 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Clay family

RMS Lusitania
  • Miss Elizabeth Alice Clay, American 2nd Class passenger from San Francisco, California, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [6]

You May Also Like

Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) "MADAWASKA" 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Madawaska.htm
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 18) Aboukir voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island. [These convicts appear to have all landed in Van Diemen's Land], Australia in 1851 with 280 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/aboukir/1851
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  6. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
Shipping
Fastest Delivery Possible

Digital Products on Checkout, all other products filled in 1 business day

Money Back
Money Back Guarantee

Yes, all products 100% Guaranteed

Support
BBB A+ Rating

The Best Rating possible

Payment
Secure Online Payment

Entire site uses SSL / Secure Certificate