Early Origins of the Clairvaux family
The surname Clairvaux was first found in Yorkshire
in the North Riding where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Croft, held by Sir Hamon de Clervaux of the Castle of Clervaux in Anjou
, originally of Rodez in Aquitaine, who is said to have been a follower of Count Alan le Roux of Brittany
. Sir Hamon's banner of the golden saltire of Clevraux is shown behind the count as he is receiving the honor of Richmond from Duke William. He was not recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086, possibly an oversight, although he is shown on several of the rolls as being at the Battle of Hastings.
Early History of the Clairvaux family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clairvaux research.Another 209 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600 and 1394 are included under the topic Early Clairvaux History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Clairvaux Spelling Variations
of this family name include: Clervaux, Clairvaux, Clervoe, Clairvo, Claircow and many more.
Early Notables of the Clairvaux family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Clairvaux Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Clairvaux family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: the name represented in many forms and recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Virginia, the Carolinas, and to the islands..